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Table 1 Summary Statistics for Dependent and Independent Variables (N = 56, 644)

From: Factors affecting tobacco smoking in Ethiopia: evidence from the demographic and health surveys

Variables Mean S.D
Dependent Variable
 Smoking Tobacco 0.04 0.18
Individual-level independent variables
 Chewing khat in the 30 days preceding the survey 0.17 0.38
 Sex
  Male 0.52 0.50
 2016 Survey Year 0.55 0.50
 Age
  15–19 0.22 0.41
  20–24 0.17 0.37
  25–29 0.17 0.38
  30–34 0.13 0.33
  35–39 0.12 0.32
  40–49 0.15 0.36
 Marital Status
  Not Married 0.33 0.47
  Married 0.61 0.49
  Divorced 0.06 0.24
 Education
  No Education 0.40 0.49
  Primary 0.43 0.49
  Secondary 0.11 0.31
  Higher 0.07 0.25
 Occupation
  Unemployed 0.26 0.44
  Professional/Clerical/Sales/Skilled/Services 0.24 0.43
  Agriculture 0.47 0.50
  Unskilled Manual/Other 0.04 0.18
Household-level independent variables
 Household wealth quintile
  Quintile 1 (Very Poor) 0.17 0.37
  Quintile 2 0.18 0.39
  Quintile 3 0.19 0.39
  Quintile 4 0.21 0.40
  Quintile 5 (Very Rich) 0.25 0.44
  Household members smoke inside the house 0.12 0.33
 Religion
  Orthodox 0.46 0.50
  Catholic 0.01 0.09
  Protestant 0.22 0.41
  Islam 0.30 0.46
  Traditional/Other 0.02 0.13
Community-level independent variables
 Place of residence
  Urban 0.22 0.41
 Administrative regions
  Tigray 0.32 0.47
  Affar 0.01 0.09
  Oromia 0.37 0.48
  Benishangul-gumuz 0.01 0.10
  SNNP 0.20 0.40
  Gambela 0.01 0.06
  Eastern (Dire dawa, Harari and Somali) 0.03 0.18
  Addis Ababa 0.05 0.22
Distance of SNNP Region from Gambela 0.73 2.07
Distance of Oromia from Dire Dawa 1.84 4.74
Altitude distance relative to the sea level 7.56 0.31