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Table 2 Behaviour change advice delivered in the Intervention Session

From: Office workers’ experiences of attempts to reduce sitting-time: an exploratory, mixed-methods uncontrolled intervention pilot study

Behavioural determinant targeted Behaviour change strategy Description of advice Frequency with which chosen
(Total N = 29)
Capability Goal setting Guidance in setting specific and achievable behavioural goals for time spent sitting, standing and/or in light activity 14 (48%)
Action Planning Guidance in identifying specific contexts most conducive to sitting less, and developing ‘if-then’ plans for reducing sitting 10 (35%)
Habit Formation
(only offered to those selecting Action Planning)
Summary of psychological theory and evidence around how actions (e.g. sitting) become habitual via context-dependent repetition of the action 10 (100% of those choosing Action Planning)
Problem Solving Guidance on shielding an intended action (e.g. standing) from derailment in specific contexts, e.g., by identifying barriers and developing strategies to overcome them 1 (3%)
Habit Disruption
(only offered to those selecting Problem Solving)
Summary of psychological theory and evidence around how to obstruct unwanted habitual responses, either by avoiding cues (e.g. putting barriers in place) or adopting strategies to enhance likelihood of wanted response to habit cues (e.g., point-of-decision reminders) 1 (100% of those choosing Problem Solving)
Motivation Information on Health Consequences Detailed summary of evidence around health risks of sitting and benefits of standing and light activity 1 (3%)
Information on Others’ Experiences Testimonies from workers who had attempted to reduce sitting and increase standing in the workplace, derived from previous qualitative studies of sitting reduction, and descriptions of famous standing-workers (e.g. Dickens, Hemingway) 3 (10%)
Common Misconceptions List of potentially detrimental misconceptions about reducing sitting in the workplace, paired with evidence-based rebuttals 1 (3%)
Opportunity Tips for Standing Tips for incorporating more standing in to the workday: speaking to colleagues in person rather than emailing; standing in meetings; standing on the phone; walking during lunch; taking the stairs 4 (14%)
Various Tips for SSW use Tips for increasing likelihood of (ergonomically-sound) SSW use: leave the unit in standing position when leaving the office; move office chair away or cover with objects; increase SSW use gradually; ensure correct standing posture; shift weight from foot to foot; wear flat shoes or go barefoot while standing Compulsory (delivered to all participants)