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Table 2 Profile of clients accessing care in intervention and control health facilities

From: Impact of a bottom-up community engagement intervention on maternal and child health services utilization in Ghana: a cluster randomised trial

  Baseline (2012) Follow-up (2014)
Variables   Intervention Control Mean Diff   Intervention Control Mean Diff
Total clinic attendance Obs. Mean (SD)* Mean (SD)* Mean* Obs. Mean (SD)* Mean (SD)* Mean*
OPD/IPD clients 64 952 (692) 1071 (880) −120 63 1453 (1329) 1185 (1165) 268
Gender disaggregation
 Male clients 64 918 (664) 1056 (862) − 138 63 432 (387) 359 (328) 73
 Female clients 64 609 (427) 673 (566) −64 63 1021 (981) 827 (868) 195
Age disaggregation
 Under 5 years 46 181 (158) 232 (235) −51 63 291 (343) 280 (330) 10
 5 years+ 46 135 (183) 103 (99) 32 63 299.7 (388) 192 (166) 107
Income groups of clients
 Very low income 64 19 (19) 20 (22) 0.72 63 17.2 (13.7) 16.6 (13.7) 0.66
 Low income 64 21 (12) 21 (13) 0.22 63 43.48 (25.5) 34.75 (23.6) 8.73
 Middle income 64 18 (8) 21 (14) −3 63 28.9 (23.8) 35.3 (23.9) −6.3
 High income 64 42 (23) 38 (24) 4 63 10.35 (14) 13.4 (18.5) −3.05
Clinic efficiency
 Average bed occupancy rate 64 32.4%(27.9) 32.5%(26.5) −0.09 63 32.4%(26.7) 25.1%(22.0) 7.26
 Average length of inpatient stay 64 1.75 (2.5) 1.63 (1.5) 0.125 38 1.194 (0.60) 1.70 (2.3) 0.51
  1. Source: Field Data Greater Accra and Western Regions (2014)
  2. Legend: *All means and standard deviations have been rounded up to the nearest decimal point; SD (Standard Deviation)