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Table 2 Main personal, employment, work career characteristics, and health status of workers by immigration status and year of work in the construction industry before propensity score matching

From: Differences in work injury risk between immigrants and natives: changes since the economic recession in Italy

  2005 2010
HICa SMPCb HICa SMPCb
Person years % Person years % Person years % Person years %
45,661 100 11,182 100 40,142 100 12,857 100
Worker characteristics
Age <  25 8064 17.7 1710 15.3 5297 13.2 1749 13.6
25–34 13,672 29.9 4658 41.7 11,103 27.7 4990 38.8
35–44 13,363 29.3 3453 30.9 12,324 30.7 4232 32.9
45–55 10,562 23.1 1362 12.2 11,418 28.4 1887 14.7
Employment
Job tenure (in months) <  12 months 20,095 44.0 6527 15.3 15,270 38.0 5966 46.4
1–4 years 15,922 34.9 4102 41.7 13,813 34.4 5184 40.3
5–9 years 5456 11.9 449 30.9 6176 15.4 1445 11.2
10–14 years 2011 4.4 94 12.2 2511 6.3 207 1.6
≥ 15 years 2176 4.8 11 0.1 2373 5.9 56 0.4
Firm size (yearly average no. of employees) 1–9 24,249 53.1 7042 63.0 21,803 54.3 7609 59.2
10–19 8706 19.1 1797 16.1 7437 18.5 2312 18.0
20–199 10,643 23.3 2171 19.4 9247 23.0 2788 21.7
>  199 2063 4.5 172 1.5 1655 4.1 148 1.2
Firm’s geographic location Northwest 11,852 26.0 4423 39.6 9881 24.6 4885 38.0
Northeast 9100 19.9 3194 28.6 7416 18.5 3091 24.0
Central 8191 17.9 2719 24.3 7108 17.7 3601 28.0
South and Islands 16,518 36.2 846 7.6 15,736 39.2 1279 10.0
Working career (in the 20 years preceding the year)
Prevailing skill level Apprentice 7522 16.5 991 8.9 5266 13.1 1683 13.1
Blue collar 37,730 82.6 10,183 91.1 34,484 85.9 11,167 86.9
White collar 409 0.9 7 0.1 392 1.0 7 0.1
Cumulative duration as employee <  12 months 2443 5.4 1039 9.3 1334 3.3 944 7.3
1–4 years 10,283 22.5 6485 58 7576 18.9 5182 40.3
5–9 years 10,714 23.5 2512 22.5 9684 24.1 4280 33.3
10–14 years 10,655 23.3 731 6.54 10,108 25.2 1425 11.1
≥ 15 years 11,565 25.3 415 3.71 11,439 28.5 1026 8.0
Quartile of wage in the 5 years preceding the beginning of follow-up I 10,918 23.9 2609 23.3 9070 22.6 3164 24.6
II 9174 20.1 3531 31.6 8316 20.7 3657 28.4
III 10,953 24 3154 28.2 9461 23.6 3667 28.5
IV 14,615 32 1888 16.9 13,295 33.1 2370 18.4
Prevailing economic sector Metalworking 2692 5.9 450 4.02 1792 4.5 312 2.4
Construction 37,376 81.9 9446 84.5 34,622 86.3 11,845 92.1
Wholesale and retail trade 1137 2.49 169 1.51 785 2.0 89 0.7
Transport, storage, and communication 559 1.22 118 1.06 389 1.0 72 0.6
Financial and real estate 592 1.3 292 2.61 494 1.2 181 1.4
Hotel and restaurant 422 0.92 152 1.36 310 0.8 79 0.6
Other manufacturing 2042 4.47 394 3.53 1330 3.3 199 1.6
Instruction and health services 338 0.74 32 0.29 206 0.5 21 0.2
Missing 502 1.1 128 1.15 214 0.5 58 0.5
Health status in the 5 years preceding the beginning of follow-up
Ratio between no. of weeks of sickness absence and total paid weeks (in %) in the 5 years preceding the beginning of follow-up Missing 401 0.88 24 0.2 340 0.8 73 0.6
0 26,085 57.1 7959 71.2 23,018 57.3 9264 72.0
1–4 12,627 27.7 2074 18.5 11,506 28.7 2570 20.0
5–9 4019 8.8 683 6.1 3460 8.6 629 4.9
10–19 1947 4.26 322 2.9 1425 3.5 244 1.9
20–49 527 1.15 105 0.9 375 0.9 71 0.6
50–74 42 0.09 12 0.1 13 0.0 3 0.0
75–100 13 0.03 3 0.0 6 0.0 4 0.0
  1. a: HIC - high income country b: SMPC - strong migratory pressure country