Skip to main content

Table 2 Association of self-reported hearing loss and cognitive functioning, diabetes, general health and number of poor mental health days

From: Self-reported hearing difficulty and its association with general, cognitive, and psychosocial health in the state of Arizona, 2015

Subjective Outcomea Unadjusted OR (95% CI)b p-value Adjustedc OR (95% CI)b p-value Sensitivity OR (95% CI)b,d p-value
Cognitive functioning 3.64 (2.87, 4.60) <0.0001 3.92 (2.94, 5.24) < 0.0001 3.76 (2.91, 4.83) <0.0001
Diabetes 2.09 (1.71, 2.35) <0.0001 1.19 (0.92, 1.55) 0.19 1.34 (1.08, 1.69) 0.009
Good general health 0.47 (0.39, 0.56) <0.0001 0.50 (0.40, 0.64) < 0.0001 0.48 (0.39, 0.58) <0.0001
  Unadjusted regression coefficient β (95% CI)b   Adjusted regression coefficient β (95% CI)b   Sensitivity regression coefficient β (95% CI) b,d  
Poor mental health days 3.43 (3.08, 3.78) <0.0001 2.52 (1.63, 3.41) < 0.0001 2.68 (1.87, 3.50) <0.0001
  1. a Unadjusted models: n = 4989 (cognitive functioning); n = 6453 (diabetes); n = 6451 (general health); n = 6346 (mental health);
  2. Adjusted models: n = 3952 (cognitive functioning); n = 5073 (diabetes); n = 5073 (general health); n = 5020 (mental health)
  3. b OR = Odds ratio, CI = Confidence Interval, β = Regression coefficient
  4. c Adjusted for sex, age, questionnaire language, race/ethnicity and income category
  5. d Adjusted for sex, age, questionnaire language, race/ethnicity and education