Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant characteristics and prevalence from the 2015 Arizona Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 6462) survey. Values shown are n (%), median (interquartile range), or prevalence (95% confidence interval (CI)), and are weighted for the sampling designa

From: Self-reported hearing difficulty and its association with general, cognitive, and psychosocial health in the state of Arizona, 2015

Variableb Total (n = 6462) Any hearing trouble (n = 1919) Prevalenced for total respondents (95% CI)
Any hearing troublec, n (%) 1919 (23.1)   23.1 (21.8, 24.5)
Hearing, n (%)
 Excellent 2053 (36.1) 0 36.1 (34.3, 38.0)
 Good 2490 (40.7) 0 40.7 (38.9, 42.6)
 A little trouble 1042 (13.2) 1042 (57.0) 13.2 (2.1, 14.3)
 Moderate hearing trouble 635 (7.5) 635 (32.4) 7.5 (6.7, 8.3)
 A lot of trouble 219 (2.2) 219 (9.5) 2.2 (1.7, 2.6)
 Deaf 23 (0.3) 23 (1.2) 0.3 (0.13, 0.41)
Age, median (inter-quartile range) 45.9 (31.1, 61.7) 60.9 (48.4, 73.2)  
Age category, n (%)    Prevalence for any hearing trouble (95%)
 18–24 years 203 (11.8) 23 (5.1) 10.2 (5.6, 14.8)
 25–34 405 (16.6) 45 (7.6) 10.6 (7.2, 14.0)
 35–44 679 (16.6) 81 (7.8) 11.0 (8.1, 13.8)
 45–54 886 (16.1) 187 (15.4) 22.2 (18.7, 25.8)
 55–64 1273 (16.2) 361 (21.2) 30.4 (27.3, 33.6)
 65 and older 2896 (22.7) 1193 (42.8) 43.9 (41.5, 46.2)
Sex, n (%)
 Male 2544 (47.3) 887 (52.9) 25.8 (23.7, 28.0)
 Female 3918 (52.7) 1032 (47.1) 20.7 (19.0, 22.4)
Race/Ethnicity, n (%)
 Hispanic 992 (26.7) 185 (15.9) 13.8 (11.2, 16.3)
 White, Non-Hispanic 4918 (62.1) 1612 (76.1) 28.3 (26.6, 30.1)
 Black, Non-Hispanic 161 (3.8) 29 (2.3) 14.1 (7.0, 21.0)
 Asian, Non-Hispanic 100 (2.5) 15 (1.5) 14.0 (4.1, 24.1)
 American Indian/Alaska Native, Non-Hispanic 112 (3.3) 24 (2.4) 16.7 (8.4, 25.0)
 Other race, Non-Hispanic 179 (1.7) 54 (1.9) 26.0 (16.9, 35.2)
Primary Language, n (%)
 English 6138 (90.3) 1862 (94.3) 24.2 (22.7, 25.6)
 Spanish 324 (9.7) 57 (5.7) 13.5 (9.1, 17.8)
Education
 Less than high school 449 (14.3) 141 (14.0) 22.7 (18.0, 27.3)
 High school graduate 1450 (25.1) 480 (27.2) 25.1 (22.2, 28.0)
 Some college 1971 (36.4) 609 (38.6) 24.5 (22.1, 27.0)
 College graduate 2565 (24.2) 679 (20.2) 19.2 (17.5, 24.0)
Income, n (%)
 <$10,000 201 (4.3) 68 (5.0) 25.9 (18.3, 33.4)
 $10,000–$15,000 289 (6.1) 99 (6.7) 24.7 (18.3, 31.0)
 $15,000–$20,000 389 (9.6) 107 (8.5) 19.7 (14.4, 25.1)
 $20,000–$25,000 523 (11.6) 174 (12.3) 23.7 (19.0, 28.4)
 $25,000–$35,000 558 (10.2) 184 (12.9) 28.0 (22.6, 33.5)
 $35,000–$50,000 800 (15.4) 260 (16.8) 24.3 (20.4, 28.3)
 $50,000–$75,000 819 (14.8) 234 (13.8) 20.8 (17.4, 24.2)
 >$75,0000 1553 (28.0) 370 (24.1) 19.3 (16.7, 21.8)
Cognitive Functioning (Increased confusion or memory loss)e, n (%)
 Yes 640 (13.1) 375 (23.3) 59.0 (53.7, 64.3)
 No 4468 (85.6) 1357 (74.4) 28.8 (27.1, 30.5)
Psychosocial Healthf (Number of days mental health not good), (median, inter-quartile range) 5.0 (2.0, 18.0) 7.8 (2.5, 24.6)  
Diabetesg n (%)
 Yes 921 (10.5) 381 (17.1) 37.6 (33.4, 41.9)
 Yes, gestational only 70 (1.2) 21 (1.1) 22.8 (9.1, 36.5)
 No (Pre-diabetes or Borderline Diabetes) 120 (1.9) 52 (3.7) 20.8 (19.4, 22.3)
 No 5342 (86.2) 1461 (77.5) 45.9 (32.6, 59.1)
General Healthh n (%)
 Excellent 1166 (19.5) 225 (12.3) 14.6 (12.0, 17.2)
 Very Good 2080 (30.6) 525 (23.6) 17.8 (15.7, 19.9)
 Good 1963 (30.6) 638 (34.7) 26.2 (23.5, 29.0)
 Fair 903 (14.5) 358 (20.2) 32.3 (28.2, 36.4)
 Poor 339 (4.6) 166 (8.8) 43.8 (36.5, 51.1)
  1. aDue to rounding, some percentages do not add to exactly 100%
  2. bMissing data rates < 2% for each variable except for income (20%)
  3. cDefined as self reporting “A little trouble”, “Moderate hearing trouble”, “A lot of trouble”, or “Deaf” in response to “Which statement best describes your hearing (without a hearing aid or other listening device)?”
  4. dThe denominator for the variable “hearing” is the total (n = 6462). The denominators for all other prevalence estimates are the row totals for each stratum (2nd column)
  5. eSelf-report in response to: “During the past 12 months, have you experienced confusion or memory loss that is happening more often or is getting worse?”; asked only to participants 45 years or older
  6. fSelf-report in response to “Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days in the past 30 days was your mental health not good?”
  7. g Self-report in response to: “Has a doctor, nurse or other professional ever told you that you have diabetes?”
  8. h Self-report in response to: “Would you say that in general that your health is …”