Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants and comparison with women giving birth to live children among Singapore population in 2017

From: Coverage and determinants of influenza vaccine among pregnant women: a cross-sectional study

  Study population National populationa
n % %
Total 500 100 100
Age group (years)
 21 to 25 years 54 10.8 5.0
 26 to 30 years 184 36.8 26.1
 31 to 35 years 182 36.4 40.9
 36 to 40 years 71 14.2 22.7
 41 to 45 years 9 1.8 4.4
Trimester of pregnancy
 First (1 to 12 weeks) 49 9.8  
 Second (13 to 27 weeks) 162 32.4  
 Third (28 weeks and above) 289 57.8  
Residential status
 Citizen 378 75.6  
 Permanent Resident 71 14.2  
 Foreigner/ missing 51 10.2  
Ethnic group
 Chinese 200 40.0 58.3
 Malay 163 32.6 20.1
 Indian 68 13.6 9.7
 Otherb 50 10.0 11.9
 Prefer not to answer 19 3.8  
Highest education levelc
 Primary (PSLE or equivalent) 2 0.4  
 Lower secondary 9 1.8  
 Secondary (N/O levels pass) 49 9.8  
 Post-secondary (A levels/ Nitec/higher Nitec/Master Nitec) 47 9.4  
 Polytechnic 68 13.6  
 Professional qualification and other Diploma (NIE/ITE/SIM diploma) 68 13.6  
 University bachelor degree 204 40.8  
 University Master’s degree and above 53 10.6  
Total monthly household income
 < $1000 14 2.8  
 $1000–$4999 213 42.6  
 $5000–$9999 127 25.4  
 $10,000–$14,999 48 9.6  
 $15,000–$19,999 10 2.0  
 $20,000+ 20 4.0  
 Prefer not to answer 68 13.6  
Type of housing
 HDBd 1–2 rooms 21 4.2  
 HDBd 3–4 rooms 274 54.8  
 HDBd 5 rooms 112 22.4  
 Condominium 48 9.6  
 Landed property 22 4.4  
 Prefer not to answer 23 4.6  
Marital status
 Married 475 95.0  
 Single, separated or divorced 11 2.2  
 Prefer not to answer 14 2.8  
First pregnancy
 No 266 53.2  
 Yes 234 46.8  
Eligible for Medisave
 No/ Not sure 79 15.8  
 Yes 421 84.2  
Insurancee
 Yes 231 46.2  
 No 127 25.4  
 Not sure 142 28.4  
  1. a Data on women giving birth to live children extracted from Singapore Demographic Bulletin, 3rd Quarter 2017 from Singapore Immigration and Checkpoints Authority [24]
  2. b Includes Filipino, Caucasian, Javanese, Pakistani, Vietnamese, Myanmar, Arabic, Boyanese, Korean, Sikh, Asian
  3. c PSLE Primary School Leaving Examination, N/O Singapore General Certificate of Education: Normal/Ordinary Level, GCE A Singapore General Certificate of Education: Advanced Level, Nitec National Institute Of Technical Education Certificate, NIE National Institute of Education, ITE Institute of Technical Education, SIM Singapore Institute of Management
  4. d Singapore Housing and Development Board
  5. e Has private or employer health insurance that covers the cost of the influenza vaccine