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Table 4 Adjusted prevalence of anaemia, ID and IDA at discharge across study armsa

From: Soya, maize and sorghum ready-to-use therapeutic foods are more effective in correcting anaemia and iron deficiency than the standard ready-to-use therapeutic food: randomized controlled trial

  n %(95%CI)f Unadjusted difference Adjusted differenceb p-valuee
Diffg (95%CI) Diff (95%CI)
Prevalence of anaemiac at discharge
All children
  FSMS-RUTF 83 12.0 (6.9–20.3) Base   Base   
  MSMS-RUTF 77 18.2 (11.9–26.8) 6.1 (−0.6; 18.3) 7.6 (−3.9; 19.0) 0.195
  PM-RUTF 106 24.5 (15.8–35.9) 12.5 (1.2; 23.7) 12.6 (2.1; 23.1) 0.019
Without anaemia at admission
  FSMS-RUTF 43 4.6 (1.0–19.2) Base   Base   
  MSMS-RUTF 35 5.7 (0.8–31.5) 1.1 (−9.1; 11.2) 5.7 (−5.2; 16.6) 0.303
  PM-RUTF 59 11.9 (5.5–23.7) 7.2 (−3.6; 18.0) 7.1 (−2.4, 16.5)  
With anaemia at admission
  FSMS-RUTF 38 18.4 (10.0–31.3) Base   Base   
  MSMS-RUTF 40 30.0 (20.0–42.3) 11.6 (−8.8; 32.0) 12.8 (−0.3; 35.0) 0.254
  PM-RUTF 45 40.0 (26.0–55.9) 21.6 (1.7; 41.4) 22.2 (2.9; 41.5) 0.024
Prevalence of iron deficiencyd at discharge
All children
  FSMS-RUTF 64 42.2 (29.1–56,4) Base   Base   
  MSMS-RUTF 46 60.9 (49.4–71.2) 18.7 (−0.1; 37.5) 25.3 (6.6; 44.0) 0.008
  PM-RUTF 84 58.3 (44.9–70.7) 16.1 (−0.1; 34.2) 20.6 (4.8;36.4) 0.011
Iron deficient at admission
  FSMS-RUTF 36 47.2 (29.5–65.7) Base   Base   
  MSMS-RUTF 21 85.7 (56.1–96.6) 38.5 (15.5; 61.2) 38.7 (17.7; 59.6) < 0.001
  PM-RUTF 43 83.7 (73.9–90.3) 36.5 (16.2; 56.7) 35.0 (14.7; 55.2) 0.001
Prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia at discharge
 All children
  FSMS-RUTF 63 7.9 (3.4–17.3) Base   Base   
  MSMS-RUTF 46 10.9 (4.8–22.6) 2.9 (−8.4; 14.3) 2.9 (−8.5; 14.4) 0.611
  PM-RUTF 83 20.5 (10.7–35.5) 12.5 (1.4; 23.6) 10;8 (0.6; 21.1) 0.039
  1. aStudy arms: FSMS-RUTF Milk Free Soya-Maize-Sorghum Based Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food, MSMS-RUTF Milk Soya-Maize-Sorghum Based Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food and PM-RUTF Peanut milk based Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food
  2. badjusted for age, gender, mother level of education, anaemia at admission and presence of iron deficiency using the body iron store based criterion
  3. cAnaemia diagnosed based on altitude- and ethnicity-corrected haemoglobin
  4. dIron status according to inflammation-corrected soluble transferrin receptor values
  5. ep-value for the adjusted difference obtained by multivariable linear regression
  6. fCI confidence interval
  7. gDiff difference