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Table 3 Prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia at admission

From: Soya, maize and sorghum ready-to-use therapeutic foods are more effective in correcting anaemia and iron deficiency than the standard ready-to-use therapeutic food: randomized controlled trial

Criteria n % (95%CI  
Prevalence of anaemia
 All children 386 48.9 (41.4–56.5)  
Anaemia by admission age
 < 24 months 226 50.3 (43.3–56.7)  
 ≥ 24 months 160 46.9 (39.7–57.3)  
Anaemia by sex
 Boys 200 44.5 (34.2–55.2)  
 Girls 186 53.7 (45.0–62.2)  
Prevalence of iron deficiency
 By plasma sTfR (> 8.3 mg/L)
  All children 343 55.7 (48.6–62.5)  
  No β-thalassemia 290 53.4 (45.0–61.7)  
  No inflammation 41 64.9 (44.4–81.0)  
  No inflammation and β-thalassemia 29 58.6 (36.5–77.7)  
  Children < 24 months still breastfed 154 70.8 (62.9–77.6)  
  Children< 24 months not breastfed 46 45.6 (32.2–59.7)  
  Among non-anaemic 177 42.9 (35.5–50.6)  
  Among anaemic children 166 69.3 (61.7–76.2)  
 By body iron stores criterion
  Low iron stores (0 and 2.9 mg.kg−1) 343 29.1 (24.4–34.4)  
  Depleted iron stores (< 0 mg.kg−1) 343 26.2 (21.8–31.1)  
 Low or depleted iron stores(< 3 mg.kg−1)
  Among all children 343 55.4 (50.0–60.7)  
  Among non-anaemic children 177 52.0 (44.3–59.5)  
  Among anaemic children 166 59.0 (51.1–66.6)  
Prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia
 By plasma sTfR criterion(>  8.3 mg/L) 343 33.5 (28.5–38.8)  
 By body iron stores criterion (< 3 mg/kg) 343 28.6 (23.8–33.7)