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Table 2 Characteristics of study subjects at admission according to study armsa

From: Soya, maize and sorghum ready-to-use therapeutic foods are more effective in correcting anaemia and iron deficiency than the standard ready-to-use therapeutic food: randomized controlled trial

Parameter TOTAL
n (%)
FSMS-RUTF n (%) MSMS-RUTF n (%) PM-RUTF n (%) p-value*
Sex
 Male 202 (51.5) 76 (56.7) 47 (43.1) 79 (53.0) 0.097
 Female 190 (48.5) 58 (43.3) 62 (56.7) 70 (47.0)  
Age
 < 24mo 227 (57.9) 71 (53.0) 67 (61.5) 89 (59.7) 0.350
 > 24mo 165 (42.1) 63 (47.0) 42 (38.5) 60 (40.3)  
Breastfeeding status
 Breastfed 188 (48.1) 59 (55.6) 55 (50.5) 74 (49.7) 0.567
 Not breastfed 203 (51.9) 74 (44.4) 54 (49.5) 75 (50.3)  
Highest level of education of mother
 None 163 (41.6) 56 (41.8) 34 (31.2) 73 (49.0) 0.040
 Primary 153 (39.0) 52 (38.8) 54 (49.5) 47 (31.5)  
 Secondary or higher 76 (19.4) 26 (19.4) 21 (19.3) 29 (19.5)  
Principal activity of head of the household
 Subsistence farming 368 (93.9) 126 (94.0) 103 (94.5) 139 (93.3) 0.920
 Others 24 (6.1) 8 (6.0) 6 (5.5) 10 (6.7)  
Father vital status
 Dead 4 (1.0) 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 3 (2.0) 0.262
 Alive 388 (99.0) 133 (99.3) 109 (100) 146 (98.0)  
Mother vital status
 Dead 7 (1.8) 3 (2.8) 0 (0.0) 4 (2.7) 0.244
 Alive 385 (98.2) 131 (97.8) 109 (100) 145 (97.3)  
Drinking water source
 Improved 297 (76.6) 101 (75.9) 81 (75.0) 115 (78.2) 0.817
 Unimproved 91 (23.4) 32 (24.1) 27 (25.0) 32 (21.8)  
Use of insecticide treated net
 No insecticide treated net used 173 (44.6) 52 (39.4) 50 (46.3) 71 (48.0) 0.324
 Using insecticide treated net 215 (55.4) 80 (60.6) 58 (53.7) 77 (52.0)  
Inflammation status
 No inflammation 41 (11.7) 13 (11.0) 15 (15.3) 13 (9.7)  
 Incubation 16 (4.6) 5 (4.2) 8 (8.2) 3 (2.2)  
 early convalescence 178 (50.9) 59 (50.0) 53 (54.1) 66 (49.3) 0.086
 late convalescence 115 (32.8) 41 (34.8) 22 (22.4) 52 (38.8)  
Mentzer indexb
 < 13: beta-thalassemia likely 60 (15.3) 19 (14.3) 20 (18.4) 21 (14.1) 0.591
 ≥13: beta-thalassemia unlikely 331 (84.7) 114 (85.7) 89 (81.6) 128 (85.9)  
Clinical form of SAMc at admission
 Oedematous 217 (55.4) 72 (53.7) 64 (58.7) 81 (54.4) 0.704
 Non-oedematous 175 (44.6) 62 (46.3) 45 (41.3) 68 (45.6)  
  1. *p = value of chi-square test comparing the 3 arms
  2. aStudy arms: FSMS-RUTF Milk Free Soya-Maize-Sorghum based Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food, MSMS-RUTF Milk Soya-Maize-Sorghum based Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food and PM-RUTF Peanut milk based Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food
  3. bMentzer index mean corpuscular volume/red blood cell count
  4. cSAM severe acute malnutrition