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Table 3 Antibiotic use pattern with respect to route of administration

From: Antibiotic use in surgical units of selected hospitals in Ghana: a multi-centre point prevalence survey

  Route of administration (Number of patients = 382 (%)
  Oral n = 176 (46.1%) Parenteral n = 206 (53.9%)
Antibiotic group (n) p-value = 0.002
 Aminoglycosides (10) 0 10 (100.0)
 Penicillin (28) 10 (35.7) 18 (64.5)
 Cephalosporins (92) 41 (44.6) 51 (55.4)
 Carbapenems (5) 0 5 (100.0)
 β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor (88) 46 (52.3) 42 (47.7)
 Lincosamides (51) 28 (54.9) 23 (45.1)
 Macrolides (1) 1 (50.0) 1 (50.0)
 Fluoroquinolones (53) 30 (56.6) 23 (43.4)
 Nitroimidazoles (51) 17 (33.3) 34 (66.7)
 Nitrofurantoin (2) 2 (100.0) 0
 Folate inhibitors (1) 1 (100.0) 0
Duration of antibiotic intake / day
 Median (range) 6 (0–89) 4 (1–33)
  [IQR] [3–9] [2–7]