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Table 2 Indication of antibiotic use in patients of selected hospitals in Ghana

From: Antibiotic use in surgical units of selected hospitals in Ghana: a multi-centre point prevalence survey

  Indication for treatment (n = 382)
Antibiotic group (n) Community acquired infection (n = 174) Surgical prophylaxis (n = 121) Hospital acquired infection (n = 53) Medical prophylaxis (n = 23) Unknown indication (n = 14)
Aminoglycosides (10) 5 0 3 1 1
Penicillin (28) 15 8 4 1 0
Cephalosporins (92) 40 35 9 5 3
Carbapenems (5) 1 1 3 0 0
β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor (88) 31 34 11 7 5
Lincosamides (51) 34 8 6 1 2
Macrolides (1) 0 0 1 0 0
Fluoroquinolones (53) 18 23 8 3 1
Nitroimidazoles (51) 30 11 5 4 1
Nitrofurantoin (2) 0 1 0 0 1
Folate inhibitors (1) 0 0 0 1 0