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Table 7 Alcohol, drugs, medical conditions, lifejacket wear, multiple fatality event, Australia, Canada and New Zealand

From: Exploring the burden of fatal drowning and data characteristics in three high income countries: Australia, Canada and New Zealand

  Australia Canada New Zealand X2 (p value)
N % N % N %  
Total 2792 34.1 4572 55.9 812 9.9 118.349 (p < 0.001)
Alcohol involvement
 Yes 719 25.8 1647 69.0 133 16.4 106.674 (p < 0.001)
 No 1203 43.1 2465 21.0 551 67.9
 Unknown 729 26.1 460 10.1 128 15.8
Drug involvement
 Yes 755 27.0 1117 24.4 18 2.2 350.481 (p < 0.001)
 No 1060 38.0 2397 52.4 666 82.0
 Unknown 729 26.1 1058 23.1 128 15.8
Medical condition (pre-existing, chronic)
 Yes 1039 37.2 1698 37.1 153 18.8 304.496 (p < 0.001)
 No 739 26.5 2694 58.9 492 60.6
 Unknown 853 30.6 180 3.9 167 20.6
Lifejacket wear (n = 2039) #
 Yes 42 9.4 210 15.8 51 19.1 2.099 (p = 0.350)
 No 155 34.8 894 67.4 171 64.0
 Unknown 249 55.8 222 16.7 45 16.9
Multiple Fatality Event
 Yes 254 9.1 717 15.7 90 11.1 67.703 (p < 0.001)
 No 2528 90.5 3854 84.3 701 86.3
 Unknown 10 0.4 1 0.0 21 2.6
  1. #Boating only, excludes lifejackets worn in association with rock fishing and other activities where lifejackets are not applicable