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Table 1 Country comparison

From: Exploring the burden of fatal drowning and data characteristics in three high income countries: Australia, Canada and New Zealand

  Australia Canada New Zealand
Total Population 24,597,528 (June 2017) 36,708,083 (July 2017) 4,793,940 (June 2017)
Population aged 0–17 years 5,503,275 (22.4%) 7,058,050 (19.2%) 1,120,200 (23.4%)
Population aged 18–64 years 15,302,725 (62.2%) 23,454,489 (63.9%) 2,950,640 (61.5%)
Population aged 65 years and older 3,791,528 (15.4%) 6,195,544 (16.9%) 723,100 (15.1%)
Median age 38.7 years 42.2 years 37.9 years
Net migration (2017 est) 5.5 migrant(s)/1000 population 5.7 migrant(s)/1000 population 2.2 migrant(s)/1000 population
Ethnic makeup English 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian Aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4% # Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, Indigenous Canadians 4.2%, other 50.9% * European 71.2%, Maori 14.1%, Asian 11.3%, Pacific peoples 7.6%, Middle Eastern, Latin American, African 1.1%, other 1.6%, not stated or unidentified 5.4% ^
Total area (sq km) 7,741,220 9,984,670 268,838
Land area (sq km) 7,682,300 9,093,507 264,537
Water area (sq km) 58,920 891,163 4301
Coastline (kms) 25,760 202,080 15,134
Territorial sea (nautical miles) 12 12 12
Climate Generally arid to semiarid: temperate in south and east; tropical in north Varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north Temperate with sharp regional contrasts
GDP per capita (2017 est) $49,900 $48,100 $38,500
  1. Population data: Australia (Australian Bureau of Statistics), Canada (Statistics Canada) and New Zealand (Statistics NZ). All other data from The CIA World Fact Book https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
  2. # Data represents self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries (2011 est) * Note percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 est) ^ Based on the 2013 census of the usually resided population; percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic group (2013 est)