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Table 4 Within Group Changes (from Baseline) in Proportions of Participants Consuming Fruit and Vegetables ≥3 times/day or Sugary Foods <once/daya

From: The HealtheSteps™ lifestyle prescription program to improve physical activity and modifiable risk factors for chronic disease: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

  Baseline 6 months 12 months 18 months
N n (%) N n (%) P b N n (%) P c N n (%) P c
Fruit and vegetable consumption ≥3 times/day
 Intervention 59 25 (42.4%) 42 31 (73.8%) 0.046 36 28 (77.8%) 0.03 33 23 (69.7%) 0.09
 Comparator 59 34 (57.6%) 46 27 (58.7%) 0.95
 Diff. between groups      0.16       
Sugary food consumption <once/day
 Intervention 58 22 (37.9%) 42 22 (52.4%) 0.27 36 22 (61.1%) 0.13 33 18 (54.6%) 0.27
 Comparator 59 24 (40.7%) 46 17 (37.0%) 0.76
 Diff. between groups      0.32       
  1. Note: Percentages were calculated excluding missing values
  2. aSecondary categorical-level outcomes from the modified Dietary Intake Nutrition Examination. Fruit and vegetable consumption was estimated from one question and sugary food consumption was derived from a sugary food score that counted consumption of chocolates/sweets, cookies, and sugary drinks
  3. bFrom log-linear (modified Poisson) mixed effects regression models that included terms for group, time, group x time, age, sex and site. P-value is for the likelihood of achieving outcome at 6 months (vs baseline)
  4. cFrom log-linear (modified Poisson) mixed effects regression models that included terms for time, age, sex and site. P-value is for the likelihood of achieving outcome at 12 months or 18 months (vs baseline)