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Table 3 Differences Between Groups in Continuous-Level Study Outcomes at 6 Months (n = 118)

From: The HealtheSteps™ lifestyle prescription program to improve physical activity and modifiable risk factors for chronic disease: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

  Difference Between Groups in Mean Change at 6 Monthsa
Mean 95% CI P value
Average steps/day 3132 1969 to 4294 < 0.001
Total physical activity, MET-min/weekb 0.76 −8.22 to 9.74 0.87
Sitting time, min/dayc −0.08 −0.16 to − 0.006 0.03
Healthful eating scored −1.50 −2.42 to −0.58 0.002
Fatty food scoree −0.68 −2.55 to 1.19 0.47
Self-rated healthf 1.55 −3.25 to 6.35 0.52
Weight, kg −0.46 −2.35 to 1.42 0.63
Body mass index, kg/m2 −0.23 −0.89 to 0.42 0.48
Waist circumference, cm −1.53 −3.74 to 0.69 0.17
Systolic BP, mmHg 0.23 −5.02 to 5.48 0.93
Diastolic BP, mmHg 0.27 −3.26 to 3.81 0.88
  1. Abbreviations: BP Blood Pressure, CI Confidence Interval, MET Metabolic Equivalents
  2. aCalculated from linear mixed effects regression models that included terms for time, group x time, age, sex, site. Results should be interpreted for the intervention group (vs. comparator) at 6 months (vs. baseline)
  3. bFrom the International Physical Activity Questionnaire – Short Form; square-root transformation applied
  4. cFrom the International Physical Activity Questionnaire – Short Form; log transformation applied
  5. dFrom Starting the Conversation questionnaire (lower score = more healthful eating; score range: 0–16)
  6. eFrom a modified version of the Dietary Instrument for Nutrition Education (lower score = lower/less fat consumption; score range: 8–68)
  7. fFrom EuroQol questionnaire – visual analogue scale (higher = better state of health; score range: 0–100)