Skip to main content

Table 3 Mixed-effects regression of physical activity, PedsQL and expenditure on physical activity (£) of 2–4-year-old children

From: Cross-sectional analysis of physical activity in 2–4-year-olds in England with paediatric quality of life and family expenditure on physical activity

Adjusted models1 Physical activity (Light, moderate and vigorous) MVPA (Moderate and vigorous)
Coefficient 95% CI p-value2 Trend test3 Coefficient 95% CI p-value2 Trend test3
Covariate
PedsQL Physical Functioning score (scale 0–100)
 Reference group: 50.00–87.50   
 Tertile 2: 87.51–93.75 5.1 −11.9, 22.1 0.56   3.32 −1.5, 8.1 0.18  
 Tertile 3: 93.76–100 5.2 −12.1, 22.4 0.56 0.58 3.6 −1.3, 8.4 0.15 0.18
PedsQL Psychosocial Functioning score (scale 0–100)
 Reference group: 51.92–80.77   
 Quartile 2: 80.68–86.54 10.7 −7.1, 28.6 0.24   2.2 −2.9, 7.3 0.40  
 Quartile 3: 86.55–92.31 14.5 −3.2, 32.2 0.11   5.8 −0.8, 10.8 0.02  
 Quartile 4: 92.32–100 −1.5 −19.4, 16.4 0.87 0.88 1.2 −3.9, 6.3 0.48 0.32
Total weekly expenditure on physical activity (£)4
 Reference group: 0.00–2.25   
 Quartile 2: 2.26–7.20 −10.1 −29.9, 9.7 0.32   0.7 −4.9, 6.3 0.81  
 Quartile 3: 7.21–16.70 −1.8 −21.9, 18.1 0.86   −0.2 −5.8, 5.5 0.95  
 Quartile 4: 16.71–47.15 2.1 −17.9, 22.1 0.84 0.68 0.2 −5.4, 5.9 0.93 0.996
  1. 1 Adjusted for parental education, child age, gender and cluster
  2. 2 p-values for difference between each tertile/quartile and the reference group
  3. 3 p-value for trend test across tertiles or quartiles
  4. 4 Minutes on non-nursery days were used under the assumption that spending on physical activity for the 2–4-year-old would occur on non-nursery days