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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate logistics regression of women’s attitude towards PLWHAs with their SES and autonomy from PDHS 2012–2013

From: Determinants of overall knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS transmission among ever-married women in Pakistan: evidence from the Demographic and Health Survey 2012–13

Characteristics Women’s attitude towards PLWHAs
Bivariate Multivariate
OR CI (95%) p-Value AOR CI (95%) p-value
Regions/Provinces
 Punjab 1      
 Sindh 1.02 0.90–1.16 0.73
 Baluchistan 1.01 0.84–1.20 0.94
 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 0.82 0.56–1.17 0.27
 Gilgit Baltistan 0.55 0.17–1.80 0.32
 Islamabad 1.57 0.88–2.78 0.12
Geographical classification
 Rural 1     
 Urban 1.09 0.98–1.21 0.11
Respondents age
 15–24 years 1    1   
 25–34 years 0.98 0.84–1.15 0.85 0.98 0.84–1.15 0.85
 35 years and above 0.76 0.65–0.88 < 0.01 0.78 0.66–0.92 < 0.01
Respondents educational status
 No formal schooling 1    1   
 Primary 1.11 0.95–1.30 0.18 1.02 0.86–1.20 0.83
 Secondary 1.42 1.24–1.63 < 0.01 1.25 1.06–1.47 < 0.01
 Higher 2.42 2.07–2.84 < 0.01 2.05 1.68–2.51 < 0.01
Husbands educational status
 No formal schooling 1    1   
 Primary 1.2 0.99–1.47 0.05 1.12 0.92–1.37 0.26
 Secondary 1.43 1.22–1.67 < 0.01 1.17 0.99–1.38 0.06
 Higher 1.64 1.39–1.93 < 0.01 1.01 0.83–1.22 0.94
Respondents occupation
 Unemployed 1    1   
 Professional/Managerial 1.34 1.14–1.57 < 0.01 1.31 1.11–1.54 < 0.01
 Agriculture 0.75 0.54–1.05 0.10 1.13 0.79–1.62 0.49
 Unskilled workers 0.89 0.70–1.13 0.35 1.07 0.84–1.37 0.56
Husbands occupation
 Unemployed 1    1   
 Professional/Managerial 0.99 0.68–1.42 0.95 0.84 0.58–1.23 0.37
 Agriculture 0.67 0.45–1.01 0.05 0.67 0.45–1.01 0.05
 Unskilled workers 0.74 0.51–1.06 0.10 0.70 0.48–1.02 0.06
Exposure to mass media
 No 1    1   
 Yes 1.64 1.34–2.02 < 0.01 1.24 0.99–1.55 0.05
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 1    1   
 Poorer 1.27 0.89–1.82 0.17 1.12 0.78–1.61 0.54
 Middle 1.49 1.07–2.07 0.01 1.19 0.84–1.69 0.30
 Richer 1.36 0.98–1.87 0.06 0.96 0.68–1.36 0.83
 Richest 1.86 1.36–2.56 < 0.01 1.09 0.76–1.56 0.62
Respondents autonomy
 Low autonomy 1      
 High autonomy 1.04 0.92–1.15 0.53
Respondents attitudes towards wife beating
 Agree on wife beating 1    1   
 Disagree on wife beating 1.49 1.32–1.69 < 0.01 1.29 1.13–1.48 < 0.01