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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistics regression of women’s comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge with their SES and autonomy from PDHS 2012–2013

From: Determinants of overall knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS transmission among ever-married women in Pakistan: evidence from the Demographic and Health Survey 2012–13

Characteristics Women’s comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge
Bivariate Multivariate
OR CI (95%) p-value AOR CI (95%) p-value
Regions/Provinces
 Punjab 1    1   
 Sindh 1.86 1.61–2.15 < 0.01 1.53 1.30–1.81 < 0.01
 Baluchistan 0.98 0.82–1.18 0.87 1.19 0.97–1.47 0.08
 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 2.46 1.55–3.91 < 0.01 3.59 2.20–5.85 < 0.01
 Gilgit Baltistan 1.67 0.44–6.43 0.45 1.37 0.34–5.45 0.65
 Islamabad 2.69 1.31–5.51 < 0.01 1.61 0.75–3.44 0.22
Geographical classification
 Rural 1    1   
 Urban 1.86 1.66–2.08 < 0.01 1.04 0.89–1.21 0.61
Respondents age
 15–24 years 1    1   
 25–34 years 1.39 1.19–1.64 < 0.01 1.32 1.11–1.56 < 0.01
 35 years and above 1.34 1.14–1.57 < 0.01 1.26 1.05–1.52 0.01
Respondents educational status
 No formal schooling 1    1   
 Primary 1.19 1.01–1.40 0.03 1.14 0.95–1.36 0.16
 Secondary 1.95 1.69–2.25 < 0.01 1.56 1.31–1.86 < 0.01
 Higher 4.08 3.39–4.92 < 0.01 2.59 2.05–3.27 < 0.01
Husbands educational status
 No formal schooling 1    1   
 Primary 1.06 0.85–1.29 0.59 0.99 0.80–1.24 0.98
 Secondary 1.37 1.17–1.61 < 0.01 1.05 0.88–1.26 0.56
 Higher 2.52 2.11–3.01 < 0.01 1.16 0.94–1.44 0.17
Respondents occupation
 Unemployed 1    1   
 Professional/Managerial 1.19 1.01–1.42 0.04 1.09 0.91–1.32 0.35
 Agriculture 0.41 0.29–0.57 < 0.01 0.64 0.44–0.94 0.02
 Unskilled workers 0.61 0.47–0.77 < 0.01 0.91 0.69–1.19 0.47
Husbands occupation
 Unemployed 1 31     
 Professional/Managerial 1.39 0.95–2.03 0.09
 Agriculture 0.89 0.59–1.34 0.58
 Unskilled workers 0.97 0.66–1.42 0.87
Exposure to mass media
 No 1    1   
 Yes 2.01 1.64–2.47 < 0.01 1.25 0.99–1.58 0.06
Wealth index
 Poorest 1    1   
 Poorer 1.02 0.72–1.45 0.90 0.96 0.66–1.41 0.85
 Middle 1.04 0.75–1.44 0.81 0.96 0.67–1.39 0.84
 Richer 1.36 0.98–1.87 0.06 0.98 0.68–1.43 0.95
 Richest 3.09 2.24–4.26 < 0.01 1.62 1.09–2.41 0.01
Respondents autonomy
 Low autonomy 1    1   
 High autonomy 1.24 1.10–1.39 < 0.01 1.15 1.01–1.32 0.03
Respondents attitudes towards wife beating
 Agree on wife beating 1    1   
 Disagree on wife beating 1.75 1.54–1.98 < 0.01 1.18 1.02–1.37 0.02