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Table 1 Socio-demographics characteristics of women from PDHS 2012–2013 (n = 13,558)

From: Determinants of overall knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS transmission among ever-married women in Pakistan: evidence from the Demographic and Health Survey 2012–13

Characteristics n = 13,558
f %
Regions/Provinces
 Punjab 7790 57.5
 Sindh 3133 23.1
 Baluchistan 568 4.2
 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 1908 14.1
 Gilgit Baltistan 94 0.7
 Islamabad 64 0.5
Geographical classification
 Urban 4536 33.5
 Rural 9022 66.5
Respondents age
 15–24 years 2711 20.0
 25–34 years 5253 38.7
 35 years and above 5594 41.3
Respondents educational status
 No formal schooling 7736 57.1
 Primary 2156 15.9
 Secondary 2406 17.7
 Higher 1260 9.3
Respondents occupation
 Unemployed 9623 71.0
 Professional/Managerial 1332 9.8
 Agriculture 1445 10.7
 Unskilled workers 1157 8.5
Husbands educational status
 No formal schooling 4452 33.0
 Primary 2199 16.3
 Secondary 4572 33.8
 Higher 2288 16.9
Husbands employment status
 Unemployed 347 2.6
 Professional/Managerial 4569 33.7
 Agriculture 2215 16.3
 Unskilled workers 6426 47.4
Exposure to mass media
 Yes 9852 72.7
 No 3705 27.3
Wealth index
 Richest 2804 20.7
 Richer 2789 20.6
 Middle 2700 19.9
 Poorer 2676 19.7
 Poorest 2589 19.1
Measures for women’s autonomy and justification towards wife beating, comprehensive knowledge and attitude on HIV/AIDS
Respondents’ autonomy
 High autonomy 7141 55.3
 Low autonomy 5783 44.7
Respondents’ attitude towards wife beating
 Disagree on wife beating 5003 36.9
 Agree on wife beating 8537 63.1
Respondents’ ever heard of HIV/AIDS
 Yes 5675 41.9
 No 7870 58.1
Respondents’ comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge
 High knowledge 3859 68.0
 Low knowledge 1814 32.0
Respondents’ attitude towards PLWHAs
 Positive attitude 3128 55.2
 Negative attitude 2538 44.8