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Table 2 The prevalence of tobacco related chronic diseases among residents, and the difference between non-smokers and smokers, as well as difference between current smoker and ex-smoker, in a rural area of Shanghai, China

From: Prevalence of tobacco related chronic diseases and its role in smoking cessation among smokers in a rural area of Shanghai, China: a cross sectional study

Tobacco related chronic diseases No-smokes Smoker P P § Current Smoker Ex-smoker P P
n Rate (%) n Rate (%) n Rate (%) n Rate (%)
Hypertension 8994 32.05 3136 36.31 < 0.01 < 0.01 2501 34.45 635 46.15 < 0.01 < 0.01
Chronic gastritis 2971 10.59 808 9.36 < 0.01 0.85 648 8.93 160 11.63 < 0.01 < 0.01
Diabetes 2225 7.93 768 8.89 < 0.01 0.82 610 8.40 158 11.48 < 0.01 < 0.01
Chronic bronchitis 1999 7.12 658 7.62 0.12 < 0.01 463 6.38 195 14.17 < 0.01 < 0.01
Coronary diseases 1159 4.13 290 3.36 < 0.01 < 0.01 218 3.00 72 5.23 < 0.01 < 0.05
Cerebral apoplexy 685 2.44 237 2.74 0.12 0.32 145 2.00 92 6.69 < 0.01 < 0.01
Chronic hepatitis 663 2.36 316 3.66 < 0.01 0.59 257 3.54 59 4.29 0.18 0.16
Asthma 582 2.07 170 1.97 0.55 0.43 120 1.65 50 3.63 < 0.01 < 0.01
Cancer 424 1.51 92 1.07 < 0.01 < 0.05 27 0.37 65 4.72 < 0.01 < 0.01
COPD 140 0.50 54 0.63 0.16 0.93 35 0.48 19 1.38 < 0.01 < 0.01
  1. §: P value after the adjustment of age, gender, marriage status, working status and education
  2. €: P value after the adjustment of age, working status and education