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Table 3 Adjusted and unadjusted model showing independent predictors of current use of alcohol

From: Alcohol use among Nigerian university students: prevalence, correlates and frequency of use

Variables Current alcohol use Unadjusted Odds ratios (CI) Adjusted Odds ratios (CI)
Yes No
All 243 (31.1) 540 (68.9)   
Sex
 Male 152 (37.8) 250 (62.2) 1.71 (1.26–2.33)** 1.46 (1.04–2.05)*
 Female 97 (25.4) 285 (74.6) 1 1
Age
 20 and above 198 (35.0) 367 (65.0) 1.87 (1.29–2.69)** 1.91 (1.26–2.89)*
 15–19 51 (23.3) 168 (76.7) 1 1
Religious Background
 Christian 183 (31.9) 391 (68.1) 1.05 (0.74–1.47) 1.23 (0.84–1.82)
 Islam 64 (30.8) 144 (69.2) 1 1
Frequency of religious rituals attendance
 Infrequently 120 (44.3) 151 (55.7) 2.39 (1.75–3.27)*** 2.15 (1.53–3.02)***
 Frequently 129 (25.2) 383 (74.8) 1 1
Father alive
 Yes 202 (30.9) 452 (69.1) 1.25 (0.86–1.82) 2.49 (1.25–4.95)*
 No 47 (36.2) 83 (63.8) 1 1
Live in the same household as your father
 Yes 165 (29.1) 402 (70.9) 0.73 (0.53–1.01 0.50 (0.27–0.92)*
 No 84 (38.7) 133 (61.3) 1 1
Mother alive
 Yes 212 (30.3) 488 (69.7) 0.57 (0.36–0.91)* 1.25 (0.62–2.55)
 No 36 (43.9) 46 (56.1) 1 1
Live in the same household as your mother
 Yes 177 (27.6) 465 (72.4) 0.42 (0.29–0.60)*** 0.58 (0.32–1.05)
 No 72 (50.7) 70 (49.3) 1 1
Family structure
 Nuclear 127 (28.0) 327 (72.0) 0.66 (0.49–0.89)* 0.78 (0.53–1.16)
 Single-parent/ Polygamous/ Foster parents 120 (36.8) 206 (63.2) 1 1
Family support
 Adequate 155 (27.9) 400 (72.1) 0.53 (0.39–0.74)*** 0.72 (0.50–1.04)
 Inadequate 93 (40.8) 135 (59.2) 1 1
Perceived parent’s social economic status
 Rich 45 (45.0) 55 (55.0) 1.97 (1.29–3.02)** 2.18 (1.36–3.48)**
 Not rich 203 (29.8) 479 (90.2) 1 1
School location
 Nasarawa 93 (23.3) 307 (76.8) 0.47 (0.35–0.64)*** 0.56 (0.39–0.81)**
 Ilorin 150 (39.2) 233 (60.8) 1 1
  1. ***p-value < 0.001, **P-value < 0.005, *P-value< 0.05, CI confidence interval
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