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Table 8 Breakdown of specific intervention characteristics as identified in studies included in the literature review by Mabweazara et al. [12]

From: Development of a context-sensitive physical activity intervention for persons living with HIV and AIDS of low socioeconomic status using the behaviour change wheel

Study Specific physical activity behaviours targeted by intervention Educational component and its focus Intervention function/s Policy category Mode of delivery Tailoring Exercise tracking and monitoring
Albright et al. [43] Teaching participants to accumulate 30 min of moderate-intensity PA e.g. walking 5 days a week. Used eight 1-h weekly behavioural skill-building classes to inform and motivate women to become more physically active. Education Guidelines
Service provision
Mailing
Phone
Curriculum for the education component was designed to be culturally sensitive for the Latina population. Pedometers
PA self-monitoring logs
Dutton et al. [44] Taking the stairs; promoting walking; gardening; dancing Not specified or N/A Enablement Service provision Mailing
Phone
Development of individualised goals; Intervention materials were tailored for each participant; recommendations were tailored to the individual’s current activity levels, activity preferences and capabilities. N/A
Emmons et al. [47] Not specified or N/A Taught participants on the social meanings of PA; social support Enablement Service provision Mailing
Phone
Intervention takes into account elements of the social context in which participants live. N/A
Hovell et al. [48] Not specified or N/A Included exercise education; proper foot wear; hydration; proper posture; proper attire; importance of warm-up/cool down; exercise safety; injury prevention; treatment of minor injuries; heart-healthy diet and exercise health benefits. Education
Training
Service provision Face-to-face Exercise education was culturally appropriate for low-literacy Latinas. Intervention took into consideration participants’ personal concerns. Heart rate monitors
Keyserling et al. [46] Chair exercises Taught problem solving skills; social support; lifestyle behaviour change strategies Training
Education
Enablement
Service provision Mailing
Phone
Face-to-face
Development of an individualised action plan. Pedometer
Lowther et al. [49] Not specified or N/A Not specified or N/A Enablement Service provision Face-to-face Not specified or N/A Not specified or N/A
Marcus et al. [50] Not specified or N/A Tip sheets on selected topics e.g. stretching; measuring heart rate Education
Enablement
Service provision Mailing Individually tailored feedback reports. The intervention addressed PA barriers identified by Latinas in focus group discussions. Pedometers
PA logs
Pekmezi et al. [51] Not specified or N/A Not specified or N/A Enablement Service provision Mailing PA manuals were matched to participant’s current level of motivational readiness and participants were given individually tailored feedback. Pedometers
PA logs
Pekmezi et al. [45] Walking Not specified or N/A Enablement Service provision Mailing
Phone
Personalised letters sent to participants; Messages tailored to the participant’s motivational readiness. N/A
Webel et al. [52] Was dependent on the outcome of participant’s small self-designed experiments to improve health Taught systems thinking; self-monitoring and goal setting; lifestyle routines; systems improvement strategies and social support; PA and self-experiments; patterns of exercise, types of fitness and testing small experiments; sleep; mental wellness behaviours; personal time; relapse prevention Education
Enablement
Service provision Face-to-face Included challenges specifically faced by PLWH. Individual participants determined and evaluated their own behaviour change. The intervention was culturally adapted. Diaries of daily activities
Whitehead et al. [53] Not specified or N/A Not specified or N/A Enablement Service provision Mailing Used individually tailored letters N/A