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Table 7 Linking the results of the behavioural assessment with the intervention functions

From: Development of a context-sensitive physical activity intervention for persons living with HIV and AIDS of low socioeconomic status using the behaviour change wheel

Candidate intervention functions Does the intervention function meet the APEASE criteria in the context of engaging PLWHA of low SES in PA? Application of intervention function based on the studies identified in the systematic literature review [22]
Education Yes, since it was practicable, as there was time available to teach PLWHA about the benefits of PA; about simple and cheap home-based exercises; about the barriers to PA and how to deal with them; as well as about the social support and self-efficacy for PA. [43, 46, 48, 50, 52]
Persuasion Yes, since it was likely to add value to the intervention. However, none of the researchers were trained to apply persuasive messages to motivate participants into adopting PA. None of the studies
Incentivisation Yes, since the use of incentives can motivate participants to adhere to the intervention. Food and fruit packs could be used for incentivising. [49]
Coercion No, since it does not stimulate the desired autonomous behaviour and can have legislative implications. None of the studies
Training Yes, since it was practicable, as there was time to impart exercising skills to participants. Training could be used to teach participants simple home-based exercises or simple exercises to do at the community centre. [48]
Restriction No, since it was not practicable, as there was not enough opportunities to apply this intervention function. Resources available did not permit the employment of this function in the intervention. None of the studies
Environmental restructuring No, the theoretical frameworks informing the intervention (SCT and TTM) did not allow use of this intervention function (it applies to the Socioecological Model). [52]
Modelling Yes, it was practicable to demonstrate how to do the simple home-based exercises and exercises at the community centre. [46, 48]
Enablement Yes, it was practicable in order to increase the means for PA participation and reduce the barriers. [44, 46, 47, 49, 51,52,53, 67]
SELECTED INTERVENTION FUNCTIONS: Education; incentivisation; training; modelling; enablement
  1. Adapted from Michie et al. with permission from authors [29]. APEASE = affordability, practicability, effectiveness and cost effectiveness, acceptability, side effects and safety, and equity. NB: Quinn et al. [67] was not identified through the systematic literature review