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Table 1 Definitions of intervention functions and policies

From: Development of a context-sensitive physical activity intervention for persons living with HIV and AIDS of low socioeconomic status using the behaviour change wheel

Intervention functions Definition
Education Increasing knowledge or understanding
Persuasion Using communication to induce positive or negative feelings or stimulate action
Incentivisation Creating expectation of reward
Coercion Creating expectation of punishment or cost
Training Imparting skills
Restriction Using rules to increase the target behaviour by reducing opportunity to engage in competing behaviours
Environmental restructuring Changing the physical or social context
Modelling Providing an example for people to aspire to or imitate
Enablement Increasing means/reducing barriers to increase capability (beyond education and training) or opportunity (beyond environmental restructuring)
 Communication/marketing Using print, electronic, telephonic or broadcast media
 Guidelines Creating documents that recommend or mandate practice. Includes changes to service provision
 Fiscal Using the tax system to reduce or increase the financial cost
 Regulation Establishing rules or principles of behaviour or practice
 Legislation Making or changing laws
 Environmental/social planning Designing/controlling the physical or social environment
 Service provision Delivering a service
  1. Adopted from Michie et al. with permission from authors [29]