Skip to main content

Table 3 Hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval for risk of type 2 diabetes according to waist circumference trajectory group by gender (N = 4, 992)

From: Waist circumference trajectories and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Korean population: the Korean genome and epidemiology study (KoGES)

  Men (N = 2342) Women (N = 2650)
Model1a Model2b Model3c Model1a Model2b Model3c
HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI)
WC Group A 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
WC Group B 1.4 (0.5–4.0) 1.3 (0.5–3.9) 1.2 (0.4–3.6) 3.5 (1.4–9.0) 3.5 (1.4–9.0) 3.2 (1.3–8.3)
WC Group C 1.9 (0.7–5.4) 1.9 (0.7–5.4) 1.7 (0.6–4.8) 3.6 (1.4–9.3) 3.7 (1.4–9.6) 3.1 (1.2–8.0)
WC Group D 4.5 (1.6–12.5) 4.4 (1.6–12.3) 3.7 (1.3–10.4) 8.3 (3.2–21.3) 8.6 (3.4–22.2) 6.5 (2.5–16.9)
WC Group E 9.9 (3.3–29.3) 10.0 (3.4–29.5) 7.8 (2.6–23.5) 8.5 (3.1–23.3) 8.8 (3.2–24.4) 6.4 (2.3–18.1)
P for trend <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
P for interaction 0.1262*
  1. Abbreviation: WC waist circumference, HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval; * there was no interaction between WC trajectories and gender
  2. aModel 1: Adjusted for age, age square, and family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus at wave 4
  3. bModel 2: Adjusted for Model 2 + smoking status, alcohol intake, physical exercise, and body mass index at wave 4
  4. cModel 3: Adjusted for Model 3 + systolic blood pressure, and total cholesterol at wave 4