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Table 3 Predictors of diarrheal illness among the population of Gaza strip

From: Prevalence of diarrheal illness and healthcare-seeking behavior by age-group and sex among the population of Gaza strip: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variable Odds ratio 95% CI P-value
Living in rural areasa 2.1 (1.4–3.2) 0.001
Low education level of household headb 2.7 (1.6–4.4) 0.001
Low monthly income of householdc 2.4 (1.7–3.5) 0.001
Unclean kitchend 1.4 (1.1–1.8) 0.045
Non-sanitary toilete 278.6 (99.9–777.4) 0.001
Latrine without flushf 2.5 (1.1–5.8) 0.037
Disposal of wastewater in an open area around the houseg 10.3 (6.9–15.5) 0.001
Lack of soap for hands washingh 3.7 (2.5–5.4) 0.001
  1. The level of measurement for all variables in the table was nominal
  2. The default references used for the variables in the table were:
  3. aLiving in urban areas
  4. ,bHigh education level of household head
  5. cHigh monthly income of household
  6. dClean kitchen
  7. eSanitary toilet
  8. fLatrine with flush
  9. gDisposal of wastewater in a closed sewerage system
  10. hAvailability of soap for hands washing