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Table 2 Odds Ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the association between single transitions in employment status and persistence of unemployment and poor mental health

From: Single transitions and persistence of unemployment are associated with poor health outcomes

  Model 1 (crude model) Model 2 (age, sex, education, household position) Model 3 (+ personal gross income)
Single transitions in employment statusa
 Employed-employed 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)
 Unemployed-employed 2.50 (1.96,3.18)* 2.08 (1.58,2.75)* 2.01 (1.52,2.66)*
 Employed-unemployed 3.10 (2.53,3.79)* 3.15 (2.51,3.95)* 3.08 (2.45,3.86)*
 Unemployed-unemployed 6.17 (5.55,6.84)* 5.04 (4.45,5.71)* 4.53 (4.00,5.15)*
 P-trend < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Persistence of unemploymentbc
 0 (=persistently employed) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference)
 1 1.68 (1.30,2.17)* 1.42 (1.08,1.87)* 1.38 (1.05,1.81)*
 2 2.56 (1.85,3.56)* 2.38 (1.69,3.35)* 2.25 (1.60,3.17)*
 3 3.30 (2.23,4.90)* 2.83 (1.86,4.31)* 2.55 (1.67,3.89)*
 4 3.10 (1.87,5.13)* 2.41 (1.42,4.11)* 2.14 (1.26,3.65)*
 5 (=persistently unemployed) 8.40 (5.90,11.95)* 5.60 (3.83,8.17)* 4.68 (3.19,6.86)*
 P-trend < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. aSingle transitions in employment status relate to the work transitions in the previous 2 years. b Persistence in unemployment relates to the number of years individuals were unemployed in the previous 5 years. c To account for the last registered work status in the analysis of persistence of unemployment, we additionally adjusted for individual’s employment status (i.e. employed or unemployed) at the time of the health survey in all three models.* p ≤ 0.05