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Table 3 General health, nutrition and menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in the study area

From: Adolescent girls’ health, nutrition and wellbeing in rural eastern India: a descriptive, cross-sectional community-based study

  10–14 years 15–19 years Total
N % N % N %
GENERAL HEALTH
Self-rated health
 Very Healthy 206 11.6 220 14.3 426 12.8
 Quite Healthy 1410 79.1 1141 74.0 2551 76.7
 Not Very Healthy 166 9.3 181 11.7 347 10.4
Disability 10 0.6 4 0.3 14 0.4
Health problem a
 High fever 330 18.5 301 19.5 631 19.0
 Vaginal discharge 105 5.9 154 10 259 7.8
 Menstrual problems 123 6.9 397 25.7 520 15.6
 Diarrhoea 35 2.0 47 3.0 82 2.5
 Vomiting or nausea 140 7.9 137 8.9 277 8.3
Sought help for health problems (n = 1269) 245 41.7 286 41.9 531 41.8
Sources of help for health problems (n = 1269) a
 Pharmacist 56 9.5 70 10.3 126 9.9
 Village doctor 161 27.4 178 26.1 339 26.7
 Traditional healer (Ojha) 22 3.7 62 9.1 84 6.6
Used tobacco in past month 7 0.4 22 1.4 29 0.9
Drank alcohol in past month 245 13.7 230 14.9 475 14.3
NUTRITION
Thinness (BMI < -2SD) (n = 3275) 254 14.3 96 6.4 350 10.7
Overweight (BMI > 1SD) (n = 3275) 34 1.9 16 1.1 50 1.5
BMI < 18.5 (n = 1493) n/a n/a 609 40.8 n/a n/a
Stunting (height < −2SD) (n = 3323) 590 33.1 898 58.2 1488 44.8
Mean MUAC (SD) 19.8 2.5 23.2 2.0 21.4 2.8
MUAC < 160 mm 64 3.6 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Minimum dietary diversity 425 23.8 331 21.5 756 22.7
Symptoms of anaemia in past monthb 560 31.8 688 44.8 1248 37.8
Blood test for symptoms of anaemia in past month (n = 1248) 102 18.2 145 21.1 247 19.8
MENSTRUAL HYGIENE
Started period 698 39.2 1522 98.7 2220 66.8
Mean age started period (mean, SD) 12 0.9 12.3 1.0 12.2 1.0
Method of sanitary protection (n = 2220)
 Nothing 45 6.4 76 5.0 121 5.5
 Any cloth 118 16.9 248 16.3 366 16.5
 Locally made napkins 177 25.4 433 28.4 610 27.5
 Sanitary napkins 338 48.4 738 48.5 1076 48.5
 Other method 20 2.9 27 1.8 47 2.1
Restriction during menstruation (n = 2220)a
 Restricted participation in religious rituals 30 4.3 75 4.9 105 4.7
 Restricted participation in sports 8 1.1 14 0.9 22 1.0
 Restricted foods 12 1.7 17 1.1 29 1.3
 Restricted access to the kitchen 11 1.6 26 1.7 37 1.7
  1. a Participants selected one or more options as appropriate; b Weakness, tired all the time, pale hands and face, dizziness, breathlessness when resting