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Table 2 Quality assessment tool for cross sectional studies: Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (adapted from Modesti PA et al. [21])

From: A systematic literature review of reported challenges in health care delivery to migrants and refugees in high-income countries - the 3C model

First author & reference Selection Comparability Outcome   Score
Representativeness of the sample Sample size justified Non-respondents Ascertainment of exposure (max**) Confounding controlled (max**) Outcome assessment (max**) Statistics Total
Ballard-Kang [13] * * * * ** * 7/10
Miner [14] * * na ** na ** * 7/10
Rosano [15] * * ** ** ** * 9/10
Kentoffio [16] * * na ** ** ** * 9/10
Morrison [17] * * na ** ** ** * 9/10
Hargreaves [18] * * * * ** * * 8/10
Fassaert [19] * * * ** ** * * 9/10
Geltman [20] * * * ** ** * * 9/10
Cooke [21] * ** na * 4/10
Weine [22] * ** ** * * 7/10
Brisset [23] * * ** * * 6/10
Pottie [24] * * * ** na * * 7/10