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Table 3 Univariate analysis of perception of health tax and mass media regulation with smoking, drinking and BMI status

From: Public support for health taxes and media regulation of harmful products in South Korea

  Regulation Health Tax
Alcohol advertising Smoking scene Eating broadcasts Food advertising
N (%) OR (95% CI) p-value N (%) OR (95% CI) p-value N (%) OR (95% CI) p-value N (%) OR (95% CI) p-value N (%) OR (95% CI) p-value
Smoking
 Current smoker 156 (57.8) 1 (Ref) 183 (67.8) 1 (Ref) 131 (48.5) 1 (Ref) 103 (38.1) 1 (Ref) 178 (65.9) 1 (Ref)
 Ex-smoker 98 (68.1) 1.56 (1.02–2.38) 0.041 99 (68.8) 1.05 (0.68–1.62) N/S 76 (52.8) 1.19 (0.79–1.78) N/S 64 (44.4) 1.30 (0.86–1.96) N/S 111 (77.1) 1.74 (1.09–2.76) 0.019
 Non-smoker 510 (64.9) 1.35 (1.02–1.79) 0.037 586 (74.6) 1.39 (1.03–1.88) 0.031 416 (52.9) 1.19 (0.91–1.57) N/S 362 (46.1) 1.38 (1.04–1.84) 0.024 572 (72.8) 1.38 (1.03–1.86) 0.033
Drinking
  > 1 time per week 263 (63.5) 1 (Ref) 296 (71.5) 1 (Ref) 203 (49.0) 1 (Ref) 181 (43.7) 1 (Ref) 297 (71.7) 1 (Ref)
  ≤ 1 time per week 501 (63.7) 0.99 (0.77–1.27) N/S 572 (72.8) 0.94 (0.72–1.22) N/S 420 (53.4) 0.84 (0.66–1.06) N/S 348 (44.3) 0.98 (0.77–1.24) N/S 564 (71.8) 1.00 (0.77–1.30) N/S
BMI
 Normal weight 374 (63.3) 1 (Ref) 423 (71.6) 1 (Ref) 315 (53.3) 1 (Ref) 263 (44.5) 1 (Ref) 424 (71.7) 1 (Ref)
 Underweight 19 (46.3) 0.50 (0.27–0.95) 0.033 28 (68.3) 0.86 (0.43–1.69) N/S 14 (34.1) 0.45 (0.23–0.88) 0.020 15 (36.6) 0.72 (0.37–1.39) N/S 27 (65.9) 0.76 (0.39–1.48) N/S
 Overweight 216 (63.5) 1.02 (0.77–1.34) N/S 243 (71.5) 1.00 (0.74–1.34) N/S 175 (51.5) 0.92 (0.70–1.20) N/S 151 (44.4) 1.00 (0.77–1.31) N/S 253 (74.4) 1.15 (0.85–1.55) N/S
 Obese 155 (68.0) 1.23 (0.88–1.70) N/S 174 (76.3) 1.28 (0.90–1.83) N/S 119 (52.2) 0.98 (0.72–1.33) N/S 100 (43.9) 0.97 (0.71–1.32) N/S 157 (68.9) 0.87 (0.62–1.21) N/S
  1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, Ref reference, N/S Non-significant