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Table 2 Univariate associations between sociodemographic variables and perception of health tax and mass media regulation

From: Public support for health taxes and media regulation of harmful products in South Korea

  Regulation Health Tax
Alcohol advertising Smoking scene Eating broadcasts Food advertising
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Age
 20–39 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref)
 ≥ 40 1.15 (0.89–1.47) N/S 0.86 (0.65–1.12) N/S 1.19 (0.94–1.52) N/S 0.97 (0.76–1.23) N/S 1.37 (1.05–1.77) 0.019
Sex
 Male 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref)
 Female 1.15 (0.91–1.46) N/S 1.43 (1.11–1.84) 0.006 1.07 (0.86–1.35) N/S 1.04 (0.83–1.31) N/S 1.00 (0.78–1.28) N/S
Marital Status
 Not married 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref)
 Divorced/Widowed/Separated 1.31 (1.00–1.74) 0.048 1.01 (0.74–1.37) N/S 1.35 (1.03–1.78) 0.032 1.18 (0.89–1.56) N/S 1.59 (1.19–2.13) 0.002
 Married/Cohabited 1.55 (0.82–2.94) N/S 1.26 (0.63–2.54) N/S 2.00 (1.08–3.72) 0.027 1.40 (0.77–2.55) N/S 2.33 (1.12–4.86) 0.024
Educational Status
 ≤ Middle school 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref)
 High school 1.34 (0.90–2.00) N/S 1.45 (0.96–2.19) N/S 1.03 (0.70–1.52) N/S 1.05 (0.71–1.56) N/S 0.75 (0.47–1.18) N/S
 College or higher 1.26 (0.85–1.88) N/S 1.57 (1.04–2.37) 0.034 1.00 (0.68–1.48) N/S 1.15 (0.78–1.71) N/S 0.76 (0.48–1.20) N/S
Monthly Income
 <  3000$ 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref)
 3000$ - 6000$ 1.16 (0.89–1.53) N/S 1.41 (1.06–1.88) 0.017 1.07 (0.82–1.39) N/S 0.91 (0.70–1.18) N/S 1.00 (0.75–1.35) N/S
 >  6000$ 1.01 (0.61–1.69) N/S 1.96 (1.08–3.56) 0.028 0.86 (0.52–1.42) N/S 0.73 (0.44–1.21) N/S 0.51 (0.31–0.86) 0.011
Job Status
 No 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref)
 Yes 1.18 (0.90–1.56) N/S 1.14 (0.84–1.55) N/S 1.21 (0.92–1.58) N/S 1.21 (0.92–1.59) N/S 1.43 (1.07–1.92) 0.017
Household composition
 No children 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref) 1 (Ref)
 One or more children 1.40 (1.08–1.83) 0.012 1.08 (0.81–1.44) N/S 1.34 (1.06–1.61) 0.014 1.08 (0.83–1.41) N/S 1.51 (1.15–2.00) 0.004
  1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, Ref reference, N/S Non-significant