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Table 5 Risk factors of suspected asthma (multivariate), Reunion, 2016

From: A cross sectional survey to estimate prevalence and associated factors of asthma on Reunion Island, Indian Ocean

Criteria Answer N Prevalence Ora(a) P-value 95% CI
Family member with asthma No 914 7.4% 1.00   
Yes 1505 11.5% 1.48 2.22 10−3 [1.10; 2.27]
Living close to a source of harmful substances or air pollution No 1625 6.9% 1.00   
Yes 794 9.8% 1.33 3.33 10−2 [1.10; 2.08]
Presence of smokers in the immediate social circle and mould in the home Presence of smokers in inner circle and mould in the home 458 14.0% 1.08 4.82 10−3 [0.82; 1.62]
Presence of smokers in inner circle, but no mould in the home 798 7.5% 0.91 7.42 10−3 [0.75; 1.59]
No smokers in inner circle, but mould in the home 387 7.8% 0.60 6.13 10−3 [0.37; 1.02]
No smokers in the inner circle and no mould in the home 776 7.6% 1.00   
Presence of mould in the home and used of insecticide sprays within the home Insecticide spray and mould in the home 268 10.8% 2.40 9.43 10−3 [1.42; 3.62]
Insecticide spray, but no mould in the home 421 11.6% 2.02 7.51 10−3 [1.16; 3.54]
No insecticide spray, but mould in the home 578 11.4% 2.99 7.73 10−3 [1.68; 4.31]
No insecticide spray and no mould in the home 1152 6.2% 1.00   
Marital Status Cohabitation 431 6.0% 1.00   
Married or in a civil union 552 6.7% 1.60 1.81 10−2 [0.91; 2.59]
Single 1366 10.5% 2.30 6.14 10−2 [1.37; 3.5]
Divorced 52 10.6% 5.00 4.95 10−2 [1.39; 11.15]
Widowed 18 15.0% 9.70 4.60 10−2 [1.25; 47.09]
  1. (a)Odds ratio, adjusted