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Table 4 The relationship between SMA practice and socio-demographic variables

From: Prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics and associated factors in the community of Asmara, Eritrea: a descriptive cross sectional survey

Variable COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Gender
 Female Ref  
 Male 1.97 (1.36, 2.87)*** 1.81 (1.01, 3.26)*
Age
 < 24 2.72 (1.49, 4.93)** 1.12 (0.43, 2.91)
 25–34 1.35 (0.77, 2.38) 0.75 (0.36, 1.72)
 35–44 1.30 (0.72, 2.33) 1.04 (0.48, 2.64)
 45–54 1.34 (0.69, 2.59) 1.09 (0.49, 2.41)
 > 55 Ref  
Marital status
 Single 2.30 (1.04, 5.13)* 1.34 (0.43, 4.21)
 Married 1.00 (0.47, 2.15) 0.98 (0.37, 2.59)
 Divorced 1.14 (0.45, 4.52) 1.03 (0.26, 4.06)
 Widowed Ref  
Educational Level
 Illiterate Ref  
 Primary 0.96 (0.34, 2.70) 1.96 (0.56, 6.88)
 Junior 1.02 (0.38, 2.73) 1.62 (0.46, 5.72)
 Secondary 1.54 (0.62, 3.79) 1.92 (0.55, 6.69)
 College 2.60 (1.02, 6.62)* 2.80 (0.74, 10.63)
Occupation
 Governmental Ref  
 Private service 1.08 (0.56, 2.07) 1.06 (0.48, 2.32)
 Self employed 1.07 (0.54, 2.10) 0.76 (0.33, 1.79)
 Unemployed 1.17 (0.60, 2.28) 2.27 (0.95, 5.45)
 House wife 0.65 (0.40, 1.04) 1.45 (0.67, 3.10)
 Student 2.34 (1.09, 5.04)* 0.72 (0.24, 2.10)
Monthly income
 Non incomers Ref  
 Less than or equal to 1000 0.92 (0.54, 1.56) NA
 1001 to 2500 1.22 (0.78, 1.19) NA
 Greater than 2500 1.43 (0.75, 2.73) NA
Knowledge
 Knowledgeable Ref  
 Non- knowledgeable 2.17 (1.30,3.61)** 2.13 (1.12, 4.05)*
Attitude
 Positive Attitude Ref  
 Negative attitude 6.56 (4.23,10.16)*** 7.47 (4.54, 12.29)***
  1. Note: *** = p < 0.001, ** = p < 0.01, * = p < 0.05, AOR = Adjusted Odd’s Ratio CI = Confidence Interval, COR = Crude Odd’s Ratio, NA = Not Applicable, Ref = Reference category