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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of DF Cases and Controls, Diredawa city, October 2015

From: Factors associated with dengue fever outbreak in Dire Dawa administration city, October, 2015, Ethiopia - case control study

Characteristics Cases n = 70 Controls n = 140 Total n = 210 P-Value COR (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 34 (48.6%) 60 (42.9%) 94 (44.8%)   
 Female 36 (51.4%) 80 (57.1%) 116 (55.2%) 0.433 1.259 (0.708–2.240)
Age group
  < 5 2 (2.9%) 0 (0%) 2 (0.95%)   
 5–14 9 (12.9%) 7 (5.0%) 16 (7.6%)   
 15–44 57 (81.4%) 113 (66.5%) 170 (81.0%)   
  > 45 2 (2.9%) 20 (14.3%) 22 (10.4%) 0.033 5.044 (1.139–22.337)
Marital Status
 Single 39 (55.7%) 69 (49.3%) 108 (51.4%)   
 Married 31 (44.3%) 71 (50.7%) 102 (48.6%) 0.380 1.295 (0.727–2.304)
Occupation
 No Occupation 39 (55.7%) 60 (42.9%) 99 (47.1%)   
 Private Business 20 (28.6%) 60 (42.9%) 80 (38.1%)   
 Government Employee 11 (15.7%) 20 (14.3%) 31 (14.8%) 0.272 0.606 (0.248–1.480)
Education
 Illiterate 6 (8.6%) 20 (14.3%) 26 (12.4%)   
 Primary 13 (18.6%) 43 (30.7%) 56 (26.7%)   
 Secondary 35 (50%) 56 (40%) 91 (43.3%)   
 Tertiary 16 (22.9%) 21 (15%) 37 (17.6%) 0.617 0.820 (0.378–1.781)
Ethnicity
 Amhara 34 (48.6%) 50 (35.7%) 84 (40%)   
 Oromo 22 (31.4%) 45 (32.1%) 67 (31.9%)   
 Somali 8 (11.4%) 27 (19.3%) 35 (16.7%)   
 Others 6 (8.6%) 18 (12.9) 24 (11.4%) 0.477 1.467 (0.511–4.213)
  1. The numbers in Bold reflect significant variables with P value < 0.05