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Table 1 Community Demographic Characteristics, 2008a

From: “If you understand you cope better with it”: the role of education in building palliative care capacity in four First Nations communities in Canada

Community Attribute Naotkamegwanning First Nation (NFN) Fort William First Nation (FWFN) Peguis First Nation (PFN) Six Nations of the Grand River(SNGRT)
Populationb 675 878 3558 11,634
Proximity to an urban centre with hospital/specialized health services (urban centre) 100 km (Kenora)
537 km (Thunder Bay)
2 km (Thunder Bay) 190 km (Winnipeg) 25 km (Hamilton)
19.3 km (Brantford)
Level of local health infrastructure - Minimal & need to travel 1 h for services
- New Elders residence
- Health Centre
- Home and Community Care Programc
- Long term care programd
- Good & easy access to hospital & services in Thunder Bay
- Services mainly external
- Home and Community Care Program (Dilico)c
-Long term care programd
- Good & easy access to hospital in Hodgson (16 km
- Hub for smaller First Nations
- Excellent & easy access to hospitals and hospices in Hamilton and Brantford
- Home and Community Care Program
- Long term care programd
- Long term care facility
- Assisted Living Residence
- Numerous other programs and services available in the community
Cultural Identity Ojibway Ojibway Ojibway and Cree Haudenosaunee
  1. aThese were the community attributes at the time the needs assessments were being planned and conducted b Population is defined as the number of people living in the community; total populations (i.e., total number of community members, including those who reside outside of the First Nations community) were: Naotkamegwanning, 1142; Fort William, 1854; Peguis, 8558, Six Nations, 23,289
  2. cFirst Nations Inuit Health Branch, Home and Community Care Program (home care includes nursing, personal support workers)
  3. dLong term care program (includes home makers and respite care)