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Table 5 Association between socio-demographic characteristics with preventive practice towards leptospirosis

From: Leptospirosis and its prevention: knowledge, attitude and practice of urban community in Selangor, Malaysia

Variable Practice level p-value Prevalence Ratio 95% CI
Unacceptable (%) Good (%)    Lower Upper
Age
  < 32 years old 146 (82.1) 32 (17.9) 0.650a 0.897 0.563 1.432
  ≥ 32 years old 110 (80.0) 27 (20.0)     
Gender
 Male 125 (77.6) 36 (22.4) 0.091a 1.497 0.932 1.015
 Female 131 (85.1) 23 (14.9)     
Ethnicity
 Bumiputra 213 (80.7) 51 (19.3) 0.543a 1.232 0.622 2.437
 Non-Bumiputra 43 (84.3) 8 (15.7)     
Education Level**
 Low education 164 (77.7) 47 (22.3) 0.022a* 1.930 1.071 3.478
 High education 92 (88.5) 12 (11.5)     
Monthly income (MYR)
 Low income 121 (84.0) 23 (16.0) 0.250a 0.759 0.472 1.219
 High income 135 (78.9) 36 (21.1)     
  1. a Chi square; *Significant by chi-square at p < 0.05; **Significant by logistic regression for education level (AOR 2.197; 95% CI = 1.109, 4.352; p = 0.024); Malaysian Ringgit