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Table 4 Association between socio-demographic characteristics with knowledge on leptospirosis

From: Leptospirosis and its prevention: knowledge, attitude and practice of urban community in Selangor, Malaysia

Variable Knowledge Level: p-value Prevalence Ratio 95% CI
Poor (%) Good (%)    Lower Upper
Age**
  < 32 years old 133 (74.7) 45 (25.3) 0.004a* 2.037 1.221 3.398
  ≥ 32 years old 120 (87.6) 17 (12.4)     
Gender
 Male 128 (79.5) 33 (20.5) 0.710a 1.088 0.696 1.702
 Female 125 (81.2) 29 (18.8)     
Ethnicity
 Bumiputra 207 (78.4) 57 (21.6) 0.053a 2.202 0.929 5.223
 Non-Bumiputra 46 (90.2) 5 (9.8)     
Education Level
 Low education 164 (77.7) 47 (22.3) 0.099a 0.648 0.380 1.102
 High education 89 (85.6) 15 (14.4)     
Monthly income (MYR)
 Low income 115 (79.9) 29 (20.1) 0.852a 1.044 0.667 1.632
 High income 138 (80.7) 33 (19.3)     
  1. a Chi square test; *Significant by chi-square test at p < 0.05; **Significant by logistic regression for age (AOR 2.388; 95% CI = 1.298, 4.396; p = 0.005); Malaysian Ringgit