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Table 1 Distribution of knowledge items on leptospirosis

From: Leptospirosis and its prevention: knowledge, attitude and practice of urban community in Selangor, Malaysia

  n = 315
Knowledge items Correct n (%)a
General knowledge:
1. Rat urine disease is also known as leptospirosis 104 (33.0)
2. This disease is caused by bacteria 212 (67.3)
3. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease 202 (64.1)
4. Can be detected through blood test 177 (56.2)
5. Modes of transmission:
 i) Body wound 175 (55.6)
 ii) Eyes 100 (31.7)
 iii) Nose 120 (30.0)
 iv) Mouth 138 (43.8)
 v) Contaminated food 225 (71.4)
 vi) Contaminated drink 225 (71.4)
 vii) Handshake with infected person 131 (41.6)
6. Signs:
 i) Fever 261 (82.9)
 ii) Myalgia 203 (64.4)
 iii) Jaundice 122 (38.7)
7. Complication:
 i) Death 257 (81.6)
 ii) Breathing difficulty 129 (41.0)
 iii) Kidney failure 121 (38.4)
 iv) Liver damage 115 (36.5)
8. Prevention:
 i) Make sure household compound free of waste 248 (78.7)
 ii) Avoid wading in flooding area 213 (67.6)
 iii) Keep personal hygiene 242 (76.8)
 iv) Drink clean water 246 (78.1)
 v) Wear gloves while working 193 (61.3)
 vi) Avoid swimming in contaminated water body 277 (87.9)
  1. aPercentage of respondents who gave the correct answers