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Table 1 Characterization of documents addressing NCDs’ research among Syrian refugees (2011–2017). (n = 34)

From: Burden of non-communicable diseases among Syrian refugees: a scoping review

  n(%)b
Document type
 Journal article 24 (70.6)
 Report 7 (20.6)
 Book chapter 3 (8.8)
Authors’ affiliationsa
 Academic institutions only 15 (44.1)
 Academic and other institutionsb 10 (29.4)
 INGO/NGOs (only) 3 (8.8)
 Hospital (only) 1 (2.9)
 N/A (reports) 5 (14.7)
Countries of institutions leading in research on SR and NCD (according to corresponding author)
 USA 8 (23.5)
 Jordan 6 (17.6)
 UK 3 (8.8)
 Turkey 2 (5.9)
 Slovenia 2 (5.9)
 Other (Belgium (1), Denmark(1), Greece(1), Iran(1), Israel(1), Slovakia(1), Spain(1), Switzerland(1)) 8 (23.5)
 N/A d 5 (14.7)
Study locationd
 Jordan 15 (38.5)
 Lebanon 9 (23.1)
 Turkey 3 (7.7)
 Iraq 2 (5.1)
 Greece 1 (2.6)
 Belgium 1 (2.6)
 Slovenian-Croatian border 1 (2.6)
 Other d 7 (17.9)
Study design
 Cross-sectional 17 (50.0)
 Review 5 (14.7)
 Interventions 2 (5.9)
 NA (reports and book chapters) 10 (29.4)
Sample population studied c
 Syrian refugees (no other refugees) 22 (64.7)
 Other refugees (in addition to Syrians) 12 (35.3)
 Sample include IDPs 3 (8.8)
 Sample include host community 7 (20.6)
Living conditions of the study populationc
 Decentralized accommodation 12 (30.8)
 Formal tented settlement/initial reception centers/Collective accommodation center 4 (10.3)
 Informal tented settlements 3 (7.7)
 Not specified 19 (48.7)
 On the Balkan route 1 (2.6)
Sample recruitmentc
 Healthcare facility (Hospital, PHC) 11 (31.4)
 Community (population-based) 5 (14.3)
 NGO Facility 3 (8.6)
 Refugee camps 1 (2.9)
 Schools 0 (0.0)
 N/A (did not include recruitment of study participants) 15 (42.9)
Methods for data collectionc
 Chart/record extraction 10 (23.3)
 Face-to-face household/site survey 13 (20.2)
 Telephone interview 5 (11.6)
 Online survey 0 (0.0)
 N/A 15 (34.9)
Age of the study populationc
 Pregnant and breastfeeding 11 (8.2)
 Infant and child (< 2 years) 15 (11.2)
 Children (2–9 years) 17 (12.7)
 Children and Adolescents (> 10 and > 18) 18 (13.4)
 Young adults (18–25) 20 (14.9)
 Adults (18–50) 26 (19.4)
 Older Adults (>50) 27 (20.2)
Sex of study population
 Both males and females 34 (100)
 Males or females only 0 (0.0)
Types of NCDsc
 NCD in general 25 (29.1)
 Diabetes 21 (24.4)
 CVD and stroke 17 (19.8)
 Chronic lung dysfunction/Asthma/COPD 16 (18.6)
 Cancer 7 (8.1)
Risk factors addressedc
 Structural Factors/ Access to care/cost 25 (30.5)
 Hypertension 22 (26.8)
 Nutrition/ diet 9 (11.0)
 High blood glucose 6 (7.3)
 Social determinants 6 (7.3)
 Obesity/Overweight/BMI 4 (4.9)
 Tobacco 4 (4.9)
 High blood cholesterol or hyperlipidemia 1 (1.2)
 Other e 5 (6.1)
Theme in relation to NCDsc
 Policy/ health system/ insurance/ pension plans 21 (41.2)
 Prevalence/Incidence/distribution/descriptive/diagnosis 23 (45.1)
 Etiology/risk factor/determinants/analytical/management and complications 5 (9.8)
 Prevention and Control 2 (3.9)
Funding source c
 INGO/NGO 10 (29.4)
 Private/industry 5 (14.7)
 Governmental 1 (2.9)
 No funding 2 (5.9)
 Not applicable 16 (47.1)
Health system indicators
 Articles that did not address any health system indicators 17 (50.0)
 Articles addressing at least one indicator 17 (50.0)
Type of health system indicators addressed c
 Health service delivery 15 (42.9)
 Health financing 6 (17.1)
 Health information system 3 (8.6)
 Health workforce 1 (2.9)
  1. aThe affiliations of all contributing authors were considered
  2. bAcademic-NGOs 8(80.0), Academic-Government 1(10.0) Academic-Government -NGOs 1(10.0)
  3. cMultiple answers were applicable
  4. dOther include 2 articles on refugees in Europe, 1 article on refugees in Europe and Middle east, and 1 article on refugees all over the word and 3 no country specified
  5. eOther includes family history, genetic predisposition, alcohol and other Substance abuse, physical inactivity, awareness