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Table 2 Occupational-, sociodemographic-, life-style factors and self-efficacy at baseline, among 490 teachers (356 females and 134 males), stratified into low/high demands, and low/median/high self-efficacy

From: Burnout among school teachers: quantitative and qualitative results from a follow-up study in southern Sweden

   Job demands Self-efficacy
Characteristics at baseline Scale Low (N = 272) High (N = 214) Low (N = 101) Median (N = 214) High
(N = 172)
Year of compulsory school
 year 4–6; n (%)   93 (34) 57 (27) 33 (33) 76 (35.5) 44 (26)
 year 7–9; n (%)   179 (66) 157 (73) 68 (67) 138 (64.5) 128 (74)
 Seniority; mean (SD) years 17 (12) 17 (12) 18 (12) 17 (12) 17 (12)
Complaints on computer
 workstation arrangements; mean (SD) 1-5 a 2.8 (1.0) 3.4 (1.1) 3.2 (1.2) 3.1 (1.0) 3.0 (1.1)
 Job demands; mean (SD) 1-4 a n.a. n.a. 3.0 (0.4) 2.9 (0.4) 2.9 (0.4)
 Job control – decision latitude; mean (SD) 1-4 b 3.1 (0.4) 3.0 (0.5) 3.0 (0.4) 3.1 (0.4) 3.1 (0.5)
Job control - skill discretion; mean (SD) 1-4 b 3.4 (0.3) 3.4 (0.3) 3.3 (0.3) 3.4 (0.3) 3.4 (0.3)
Job support from manager; mean (SD) 0-4 b 2.8 (0.5) 2.4 (0.6) 2.5 (0.6) 2.6 (0.5) 2.6 (0.7)
 Job support from collegues; mean (SD) 0-4 b 3.1 (0.4) 3.0 (0.5) 3.0 (0.5) 3.1 (0.4) 3.1 (0.4)
 Emotional demands; mean (SD) 0-4 a 2.5 (0.7) 3.1 (0.6) 2.9 (0.7) 2.8 (0.7) 2.7 (0.8)
 Demands of hiding emotions; mean (SD) 0-4 a 1.5 (0.8) 1.9 (0.7) 1.8 (0.8) 1.7 (0.8) 1.6 (0.8)
 Leadership; mean (SD) 0-4 b 2.3 (0.7) 1.7 (0.80) 1.9 (0.9) 2.1 (0.8) 2.1 (0.9)
 Self-efficacy; mean (SD) 1-5 b 4.1 (0.5) 4.0 (0.5) n.a. n.a. n.a.
Gender
 Men; n (%)   85 (31) 47 (22) 24 (24) 57 (27) 51 (30)
 Women; n (%)   187 (69) 167 (78) 76 (76) 157 (73) 121 (70)
Marital status
 Married/cohabit; n (%)   224 (85) 179 (84) 79 (80) 187 (89) 139 (83)
 Single; n (%)   40 (15) 33 (16) 20 (20) 24 (11) 28 (17)
 Age; mean (SD) years 48 (11) 47 (11) 48 (12) 48 (11) 47 (11)
 Personal relaxation time; mean (SD) 1-6 b 3.7 (1.3) 3.3 (1.3) 3.7 (1.4) 3.5 (1.3) 3.5 (1.3)
 Domestic work; mean (SD) 1-5 a 2.8 (0.9) 2.9 (0.9) 2.75 (1.1) 2.9 (0.8) 2.85 (0.9)
 Physical exercise; mean (SD) 0-4 b 2.8 (1.1) 2.55 (1.1) 2.8 (0.8) 2.6 (1.1) 2.7 (1.1)
  1. a Higher scores indicate a more unfavourable situation
  2. b Higher scores indicate a more favourable situation