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Table 1 Summary characteristics of patients in 2010 before the payment reform implementation

From: Cesarean delivery rates, costs and readmission of childbirth in the new cooperative medical scheme after implementation of an episode-based bundled payment (EBP) policy

  Reform county (n = 3269) Control counties (n = 5108) X2/t p
Age, years 26.50 [4.36] 26.05 [4.32] 4.664 0.000**
Head of householda, % 2.4 1.2 20.397 0.000**
From the poverty-stricken familyb, % 1.8 1.9 0.227 0.634
Hospitalized in a tertiary hospital,% 24.4 18.5 42.088 0.000**
  1. **p<0.01. S.D. are in square brackets
  2. aHead of household: defined as the head of the householders in the household registration system in China
  3. bPoverty-stricken family: defined as the one with annual income under the poverty line in China and with financial aid from the central government