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Table 3 Nutritional status of children during acute visits to the clinic according to illness severity

From: Nutritional status and disease severity in children acutely presenting to a primary health clinic in rural Gambia

  All acute visits (N = 21,278) Non-severe (N = 20,317) Severe illness (N = 961) P value (severe vs non-severe) Last visit before death (N = 50)
Mean WHZ (SD) −0.70 (1.20) −0.66 (1.17) −1.48 (1.47) < 0.001a −1.45 (1.65)c
All wasting 2405/20,478 (11.7%) 2114/19,554 (10.8%) 291/924 (31.5%) < 0.001b 11/30 (36.7%)c
Moderate wasting 1923/20,478 (9.4%) 1761//19,554 (9.0%) 162/924 (17.5%) < 0.001 b 4/30 (13.3%)c
Severe wasting 482/20,478 (2.4%) 353/19,554 (1.8%) 129/924 (14.0%) < 0.001 b 7/30 (23.3%)c
Mean HAZ (SD) −1.21 (1.30) −1.21 (1.28) −1.34 (1.59) 0.001a −2.17 (1.27)
All stunting 4389/20,545 (21.4%) 4143/19,614 (21.1%) 246/931 (26.4%) < 0.001 b 27/50 (54.0%)
Moderate stunting 3345/20,545 (16.3%) 3179/19,614 (16.2%) 166/931 (17.9%) 0.17 b 13/50 (26.0%)
Severe stunting 1043/20,545 (5.1%) 964/19,614 (4.9%) 79/931 (8.5%) < 0.001 b 14/50 (28.0%)
Mean WAZ (SD) −1.21 (1.08) −1.19 (1.06) −1.73 (1.26) < 0.001a −2.49 (1.55)
All underweight 4519/20605 (21.9%) 4164/19,686 (21.2%) 355/919 (38.6%) < 0.001 b 28/48 (60.9%)
Moderate underweight 3529/20605 (17.1%) 3321/19,696 (16.9%) 208/919 (22.6%) < 0.001 b 10/48 (21.7%)
Severe underweight 990/20605 (4.8%) 843/19,686 (4.3%) 147/919 (16.0%) < 0.001 b 18/48 (39.1%)
  1. a P-value for Welch’s unequal variances t-test
  2. b χ2 P-value
  3. c N = 30 for WHZ and wasting