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Table 3 Symptom or measured prevalence of chronic diseases by behavioral risk factors and socioeconomic-demographic characteristics among adult population (18–69 years) in India, 2007

From: Association of behavioral risk factors with self-reported and symptom or measured chronic diseases among adult population (18–69 years) in India: evidence from SAGE study

Socioeconomic-demographic characteristics Prevalence of symptom or measured chronic diseases Physical activity Nutrition Alcohol consumption^ Any tobacco use
Physical inactivity Vigorous activity Inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables# Adequate intake of fruits and vegetables ## Yes No Yes No
Place of residence
 Urban 40.7 39.4 39.4 41.1 35.4 44.7 40.1 40.9 40.6
 Rural 42.4 36.3 42.2 42.4 43.2 46.9 41.4 45.4 39.7
Household’s religion
 Hindu 41.7 37.2 41.9 41.8 40.4 46.3 40.7 44.4 39.7
 Others+ 42.7 38.1 38.8 43.0 37.8 46.6 42.4 43.6 42.0
Household’s caste group
 Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) 42.1 34.3 41.7 42.3 36.1 48.7 39.7 47.4 36.6
 Other than SC/ST++ 41.8 38.2 41.4 41.9 40.7 44.9 41.3 43.0 41.0
Religious services
 Never or once or twice/year/month 41.9 38.0 41.5 42.0 40.6 46.2 41.1 45.4 39.3
 `Once or twice/week/daily 40.8 28.6 40.9 41.4 32.8 48.5 39.7 29.6 52.9
Member’s sex
 Male 37.2 33.5 37.2 37.3 35.3 46.0 33.1 41.4 29.2
 Female 46.9 42.2 48.3 46.8 51.2 54.5 46.8 54.6 45.0
Age group
 18–29 23.0 13.5 28.2 23.2 19.6 23.5 23.0 28.1 21.4
 30–44 41.9 38.1 41.2 42.1 37.8 43.7 41.4 40.2 43.3
 45–59 53.8 48.4 51.8 53.8 53.1 57.3 53.0 50.8 57.2
 60–69 66.6 65.4 66.7 66.7 64.5 66.0 66.7 65.6 67.9
Educational attainment+++
 No education 49.3 45.8 46.6 49.1 58.8 43.1 50.4 48.3 50.2
 <primary & primary 45.2 47.9 42.7 45.1 48.4 50.6 43.9 44.5 45.8
 Secondary 35.9 24.1 39.5 35.0 47.3 48.1 33.1 42.7 31.0
 High school & above 33.0 28.0 34.3 33.5 28.4 43.6 30.9 38.6 29.8
Body mass Index (BMI)
 Underweight 39.8 36.0 38.6 40.9 45.7 45.7 40.1 44.5 37.5
 Normal weight 41.1 36.7 41.0 40.0 36.6 42.3 39.3 40.0 39.6
 Overweight 56.5 49.6 60.4 57.8 42.2 67.3 54.6 69.8 50.5
 Obese 42.4 30.5 47.1 41.7 61.2 83.1 38.8 59.8 34.8
Wealth Quintile
 Poorest 42.5 43.5 40.6 42.4 47.8 46.2 41.7 42.4 42.6
 Poor 42.9 39.9 43.4 42.4 54.9 46.7 42.0 43.5 42.3
 Middle 43.0 36.1 42.8 43.6 31.2 36.3 44.4 44.8 41.4
 Rich 42.7 42.4 41.8 42.4 46.3 50.2 41.5 45.6 40.8
 Richest 38.3 28.6 37.9 38.9 32.4 53.6 35.4 46.8 35.1
Total 41.9 37.4 41.5 42.0 40.0 46.3 41.0 44.3 40.0
  1. # ## + ++ +++ Same define as in Table 1 and Table 2
  2. ^ Alcohol consumption included ever or current drinkers that drink contain alcohol such as such as beer, wine, spirits, etc.
  3. Note: Diseases prevalence (in %) presented in the table are weighted analysis