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Table 1 Characteristics of men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) in Port Moresby, Lae and Mt. Hagen

From: One size does not fit all: HIV prevalence and correlates of risk for men who have sex with men, transgender women in multiple cities in Papua New Guinea

  PORT MORESBY LAE MOUNT HAGEN
  Valid Sample proportion (unweighted) Population proportion (weighted) Valid Sample proportion (unweighted) Population proportion (weighted) Valid Sample proportion (unweighted) Population proportion (weighted)
  N = 400 % % (95% CI) N = 352 % % (95% CI) N = 111 % % (95% CI)
Gender identity 400    352    111   
Male 354 88.5 89.4 (85.8–92.9) 325 92.3 93.2 (90.3–96.2) 104 93.7 94.3 (89.6–99.0)
TG 46 11.5 10.6 (7.1–14.2) 27 7.7 6.8 (3.8–9.7) 7 6.3 5.7 (1.0–10.4)
Age (years) 400    345    111   
 12–19 36 9.0 11.4 (7.2–15.6) 45 13.0 14.1 (9.7–18.5) 32 28.8 24.3 (15.6–33.1)
 20–24 107 26.8 26.3 (21.0–31.6) 107 31.0 32.0 (26.1–37.8) 51 45.9 48.1 (37.4–58.7)
 25–29 113 28.3 26.3 (21.0–31.7) 90 26.1 26.0 (20.5–31.5) 11 9.9 11.5 (4.5–18.6)
 30–34 63 15.8 17.1 (12.3–21.8) 54 15.7 13.8 (9.6–17.9) 8 7.2 8.3 (2.3–14.3)
 35 or older 81 20.3 18.9 (14.2–23.6) 49 14.2 14.2 (9.8–18.7) 9 8.1 7.7 (2.2–13.2)
Sample Median (IQR) 27 (23–33) 25 (22–30) 21 (19–25)
Education 400    352    111   
 No formal education 36 9.0 8.7 (5.3–12.1) 62 17.6 18.2 (13.3–23.1) 8 7.2 6.5 (1.6–11.4)
 Primary 203 50.8 48.8 (42.7–54.9) 140 39.8 40.8 (34.7–46.9) 37 33.3 38.7 (28.2–49.3)
 High school or higher 161 40.3 42.5 (36.4–48.6) 150 42.6 41.0 (35.0–47.1) 66 59.5 54.8 (44.1–65.4)
Marital status 400    352    111   
 Never married 246 61.5 62.5 (56.5–68.4) 240 68.2 70.7 (65.2–76.2) 88 79.3 77.9 (68.9–86.9)
 Married 77 19.2 18.2 (13.4–23.0) 53 15.1 13.9 (9.6–18.1) 14 12.6 13.6 (6.1–21.1)
 Divorced, separated, or widowed 77 19.3 19.3 (14.5–24.2) 59 16.8 15.4 (11.1–19.7) 9 8.1 8.4 (2.4–14.4)
Away from home for more than a month at a time, last 6 months 377    343    104   
 Yes 70 18.6 16.6 (12.1–21.2) 118 34.4 32.5 (26.7–38.3) 36 34.6 39.8 (28.8–50.7)
 No 307 81.4 83.4 (78.8–87.9) 225 65.6 67.5 (61.7–73.3) 68 65.4 60.2 (49.3–71.2)
Main source of income 380    340    102   
 Formal sector 94 24.7 23.6 (18.3–28.8) 94 27.6 26.5 (21.0–32.0) 14 13.7 15.6 (7.2–24.0)
 Informal sector 153 40.3 39.3 (33.1–45.5) 149 43.8 45.6 (39.4–51.9) 40 39.2 42.9 (31.8–54.1)
 Unemployed 133 35.0 37.1 (31.0–43.3) 97 28.5 27.8 (22.2–33.5) 48 47.1 41.4 (30.7–52.3)
Average monthly income 266    255      
 <  200 kina (~USD 63) 34 12.8 11.7 (7.1–16.4) 17 6.7 7.6 (3.6–11.5) 10 15.9 14.1 (4.5–23.7)
 200–499 kina 94 35.3 34.1 (27.0–41.2) 121 47.5 48.0 (40.8–55.3) 23 36.5 38.8 (25.0–52.6)
 500–999 kina 94 35.3 39.2 (31.7–46.7) 80 31.4 29.9 (23.3–36.4) 15 23.8 21.3 (10.0–32.6)
 ≥ 1000 kina 44 16.5 15.0 (9.6–20.3) 37 14.5 14.5 (9.4–19.6) 15 23.8 25.8 (13.3–38.3)
Number of children responsible for at home 400    352    111   
 None 275 68.8 71.6 (66.0–77.1) 304 86.4 87.5 (83.5–91.5) 100 90.1 87.2 (79.7–94.7)
 One or more 125 31.3 28.4 (22.9–34.0) 48 13.6 12.5 (8.5–16.5) 11 9.9 12.8 (5.3–20.3)
Have cut foreskin 400    352    111   
 Yes 240 60.0 59.5 (53.4–65.5) 291 82.7 83.4 (78.9–87.9) 85 76.6 73.4 (63.8–83.0)
 No 160 40.0 40.5 (34.5–46.6) 61 17.3 16.6 (12.1–21.1) 26 23.4 26.6 (17.0–36.2)
Screened positive for depression 400    352    111   
 Yes 151 37.8 38.9 (32.9–44.9) 191 54.3 54.5 (48.3–60.6) 69 62.2 67.5 (57.8–77.2)
 No 249 62.2 61.1 (55.1–67.1) 161 45.7 45.5 (39.4–51.7) 42 37.8 32.5 (22.8–42.2)
Disclosed sexual behaviours to family or friends (non-MSM) 400       111   
 Yes 160 40.0 38.1 (32.2–44.0) 140 39.8 36.0 (30.2–41.8) 44 39.6 35.3 (25.3–45.3)
 No 240 60.0 61.9 (56.0–67.8) 212 60.2 64.0 (58.2–69.8) 67 60.4 64.7 (54.7–74.7)
Ashamed to be MSM or TGW 395    335    106   
 Yes 120 30.4 32.6 (26.8–38.4) 92 27.5 29.8 (24.0–35.7) 32 30.2 28.2 (18.6–37.9)
 No 275 69.6 67.4 (61.6–73.2) 243 72.5 70.2 (64.3–76.0) 74 69.8 71.8 (62.1–81.4)
Hide sexual behavior or gender identity from healthcare worker 359    209    60   
 Yes 173 48.2 48.0 (41.5–54.5) 89 42.6 44.9 (36.8–53.0) 20 33.3 39.5 (25.2–53.7)
 No 186 51.8 52.0 (45.5–58.5) 120 57.4 55.1 (47.0–63.2) 40 66.7 60.5 (46.3–74.8)
Can rely on other MSM and TGW to accompany them to doctor or hospital 373    334    103   
 Yes 144 38.6 35.9 (29.8–41.9) 204 61.1 58.6 (52.3–64.9) 62 60.2 61.2 (50.5–71.9)
 No 229 61.4 64.1 (58.1–70.2) 130 38.9 41.4 (35.1–47.7) 41 39.8 38.8 (28.1–49.5)
Physical violence, last 12 months 360    344    111   
 Yes 109 30.3 28.5 (22.8–34.3) 77 22.4 21.5 (16.5–26.4) 19 17.1 13.6 (6.7–20.6)
 No 251 69.7 71.5 (65.7–77.2) 267 77.6 78.5 (73.6–83.5) 92 82.9 86.4 (79.4–93.3)
Sexual violence, last 12 months 399    351    110   
 Yes 40 10.0 9.9 (6.2–13.6) 23 6.6 5.4 (2.7–8.2) 8 7.3 8.0 (2.0–14.0)
 No 359 90.0 90.1 (86.4–93.8) 328 93.4 94.6 (91.8–97.3) 102 92.7 92.0 (86.0–98.0)