Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of urbanization component index

From: The association between urbanization and child height: a multilevel study in China

urbanization components



Media availability in the community and percent of households with electronics

Population Density

Population per km2


Community variance in education and income levels

Economic Activity

Daily wage for average male worker and % community engaged in nonagricultural labor

Health Infrastructure

Type, distance and number of health services (clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, etc.) in the community


Availability of electricity, water, gas

Traditional Markets

Types, distances and business hours of food and fuel markets

Social Services

Availability of insurance and child care centers


Road types and availability of transit services


Average highest attained level for adults

Modern Markets

Quantity of supermarkets and modern eating establishments


Availability of treated water and presence of excrement in public space