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Table 1 Description of urbanization component index

From: The association between urbanization and child height: a multilevel study in China

urbanization components Description
Communication Media availability in the community and percent of households with electronics
Population Density Population per km2
Diversity Community variance in education and income levels
Economic Activity Daily wage for average male worker and % community engaged in nonagricultural labor
Health Infrastructure Type, distance and number of health services (clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, etc.) in the community
Housing Availability of electricity, water, gas
Traditional Markets Types, distances and business hours of food and fuel markets
Social Services Availability of insurance and child care centers
Transportation Road types and availability of transit services
Education Average highest attained level for adults
Modern Markets Quantity of supermarkets and modern eating establishments
Sanitation Availability of treated water and presence of excrement in public space