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Table 2 Characteristics of the participating schools at baseline (n = 30 schools)

From: Effect of an equipment-behavior change intervention on handwashing behavior among primary school children in Kenya: the Povu Poa school pilot study



Total number of students at the school (median, IQR)

476 (400, 554)

The school was connected to electrical power lines

23 (76.7%)

Source of water for handwashing

 Rainwater with tank

26 (86.7%)


17 (56.7%)

 Students being water from home (carry water in a jerry can)

3 (10.0%)

 Water pipelines

2 (6.7%)

The school had no water for at least 30 min at least once/week

 During Term 1: January–April

12 (40.0%)

 During Term 2: May–August

7 (23.3%)

 During Term 3: September–November

10 (33.3%)

 The school had budget to purchase soap or sanitizer?(% yes)

8 (26.7%)

WaSH-related Programs Implemented in Schools

 Received WASH-related program within past five years

17 (56.7%)

 On-going WASH-related program

5 (16.7%)

 Received hand hygiene-related program within past five years

11 (36.7%)

Interview with WASH club teacher (n = 29)a

 School has a WASH club

28 (93.3%)

 WASH club organized at least one activity during previous term

21 (72.4%)

 WASH club promoted handwashing during previous term

19 (65.5%)

 WASH club posted handwashing promotion material

2 (6.9%)

 WASH club organized other WASH-related activities

17 (58.6%)

If yes, please describe

Maintenance of water point and toilets

5 (17.2%)

Promotion of personal hygiene

8 (27.6%)

  1. aAn interview could not be conducted in school coded “S28”: teacher in charge of WASH activity refused to participate