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Table 2 Characteristics of the participating schools at baseline (n = 30 schools)

From: Effect of an equipment-behavior change intervention on handwashing behavior among primary school children in Kenya: the Povu Poa school pilot study

Item Baseline
Total number of students at the school (median, IQR) 476 (400, 554)
The school was connected to electrical power lines 23 (76.7%)
Source of water for handwashing
 Rainwater with tank 26 (86.7%)
 Groundwater 17 (56.7%)
 Students being water from home (carry water in a jerry can) 3 (10.0%)
 Water pipelines 2 (6.7%)
The school had no water for at least 30 min at least once/week
 During Term 1: January–April 12 (40.0%)
 During Term 2: May–August 7 (23.3%)
 During Term 3: September–November 10 (33.3%)
 The school had budget to purchase soap or sanitizer?(% yes) 8 (26.7%)
WaSH-related Programs Implemented in Schools
 Received WASH-related program within past five years 17 (56.7%)
 On-going WASH-related program 5 (16.7%)
 Received hand hygiene-related program within past five years 11 (36.7%)
Interview with WASH club teacher (n = 29)a
 School has a WASH club 28 (93.3%)
 WASH club organized at least one activity during previous term 21 (72.4%)
 WASH club promoted handwashing during previous term 19 (65.5%)
 WASH club posted handwashing promotion material 2 (6.9%)
 WASH club organized other WASH-related activities 17 (58.6%)
If yes, please describe
Maintenance of water point and toilets 5 (17.2%)
Promotion of personal hygiene 8 (27.6%)
  1. aAn interview could not be conducted in school coded “S28”: teacher in charge of WASH activity refused to participate