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Table 6 Summary of primary and secondary outcome of mobile phone interventions delivered by mixed method

From: A systematic review and meta-analysis in the effectiveness of mobile phone interventions used to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV infection

MIXED Trial Outcome RR SMD LCI UCI P value
Primary
 Twice a week text message + monthly adherence counselling Maduka CD4 count change . . . . .
 Weekly voice message and pictoral Shet Virological failure 1.00   0.70 1.44 0.99
 Weekly voice message and pictoral Shet Suboptimal adherence to ART (pill count) 1.24   0.93 1.65 0.14
 Weekly text + counselling Lester Viral suppression 1.18   1.01 1.40 0.04
 SMS and telephone call reminder Abdulrahman Viral load . . . . .
 SMS and telephone call reminder Abdulrahman CD4 . . . . .
Secondary
 Twice a week text message + monthly adherence counselling Maduka Self–reported adherence 1.38   1.04 1.83 0.03
 Weekly text + counselling Lester ITT self-reported adherence > 95% 1.24   1.06 1.44 0.01
 SMS and telephone call reminder Abdulrahman Self-reported adherence - good 1.81   1.49 2.20 0.00
 SMS and telephone call reminder Abdulrahman Average adherence   8.21 6.42 10.00 0.00
  1. Clinically significant results (P < 0.05) have been highlighted in bold