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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Participant Children in the NSFS Study

From: A three-year multifaceted intervention to prevent obesity in children of Mexican-heritage

Characteristics Study Site  
All
(N = 700)
Intervention
(n = 387)
Comparison
(n = 313)
P Valuea
Child
Age, mean (SD), yrs 5.98 (1.31) 6.02 (1.34) 5.93 (1.28) 0.42
Sex
 Female, n (%) 355 (50.7) 182 (47.0) 173 (55.3) 0.11
 Male, n (%) 345 (49.3) 205 (53.0) 140 (44.7) 0.13
Height, mean (SD), cm 110.40 (9.59) 110.47 (9.74) 110.27 (9.34) 0.81
Weight, mean (SD), kg 21.51 (5.53) 21.41 (5.29) 21.69 (5.94) 0.56
Waist circumference, mean (SD), cm 56.18 (7.16) 55.92 (6.79) 56.62 (7.75) 0.26
WCHTR, mean (SD) 0.51 (0.05) 0.51 (0.05) 0.51 (0.06) 0.10
BMI, mean (SD) 17.47 (2.46) 17.39 (2.21) 17.61 (2.85) 0.30
zBMI, mean (SD) 0.97 (0.99) 0.97 (0.98) 0.98 (1.02) 0.86
Obesity status at baseline     
 Normal, n (%) 383 (54.7) 211 (54.5) 172 (55.0) 0.92
 Overweight, n (%) 130 (18.6) 84 (21.7) 46 (14.7) 0.32
 Obese, n (%) 187 (26.7) 92 (23.8) 95 (30.3) 0.77
Parent and Household
Mother age, mean (SD), yrs 32.65 (6.80) 33.03 (6.98) 32.17 (6.54) 0.10
Mother BMI at baseline, mean (SD) 31.09 (6.53) 30.92 (6.09) 31.36 (7.21) 0.54
Mother education, mean (SD), yrs 9.49 (3.78) 9.85 (4.06) 9.04 (3.36) 0.006
Mother place of birth
 United States, n (%) 126 (18.6) 88 (23.4) 38 (12.6) 0.17
 Mexico, n (%) 524 (77.4) 267 (71.0) 257 (85.4) 0.0001
 Other, n (%) 27 (4.0) 21 (5.6) 6 (2.0) 0.72
Household size, mean (SD) 5.05 (1.46) 5.02 (1.51) 5.07 (1.41) 0.67
Household annual income, mean (SD), $ 1859.71 (1072.66) 1919.96 (1096.27) 1783.83 (1039.24) 0.12
Family acculturation level
 Traditional, n (%) 423 (75.1) 212 (71.4) 211 (79.3) 0.06
 Low bicultural, n (%) 69 (12.3) 38 (12.8) 31 (11.7) 0.91
 High bicultural, n (%) 71 (12.6) 47 (15.8) 24 (9.0) 0.43
Poverty Statusb
 Above Poverty Line, n (%) 288 (41.1) 162 (41.9) 126 (40.2) 0.77
 Below Poverty Line, n (%) 412 (58.9) 225 (58.1) 187 (59.7) 0.74
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; zBMI, standardized body mass index; WCHTR, waist circumference-to-height ratio. aP Value determined by Chi-square and Student’s t-test. bPoverty Line determined from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Federal Poverty Line guidelines (https://aspe.hhs.gov/2012-hhs-poverty-guidelines)