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Table 5 Relationships between church characteristics sorted by the Inner Settings of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (Damschroder et al., 2009) and number of wellness activities conducted by African American churches in the past 12 months

From: Organizational readiness for wellness promotion – a survey of 100 African American church leaders in South Los Angeles

Church Characteristics Bivariate relationship between each item and outcome Adjusted relationship between domain and outcome Full Model R-square = 0.45
Items β P R2 β P R2 β P
Structural Characteristics (Organization social architecture, age, maturity and size)
Size of active congregationa 1.11 < 0.01 0.11 0.36 NS 0.18 0.19 NS
Years church has been in operation 0.01 < 0.01 0.08 0.005 NS 0.008 0.09
Number of paid staffa 1.60 < 0.01 0.16 1.13 0.02 1.05 < 0.05
Culture (Organization norms and values
Denomination (reference group: non-denominational/other)
Methodist 1.10 < 0.01 0.14 0.99 0.02   0.32 NS
Baptist −0.50 0.08   −0.58 0.03 0.25 −0.94 < 0.01
Ever partnered with academia to promote wellness at church 1 = yes, 0 = no 0.64 0.02 0.05 0.46 0.07 0.01 NS
Has guidelines for healthy church meals 1 = yes 0 = no 0.76 < 0.01 0.07 0.77 < 0.01 −0.25 NS
Leadership Engagement (Commitment, involvement and accountability of leaders with the implementation)
Church leadership scale, 7 items 0.59 < 0.01 0.08 0.05 NS
Resources (level of resources dedicated for implementation and ongoing operations, including money, training, education, physical space, time)
Has a health/wellness ministry? 1 = yes,0 = no 1.01 < 0.01 0.13 0.46 NS 0.23 −0.01 NS
Number of members who frequently volunteera 1.20 < 0.01 0.11 0.60 0.10 −0.17 NS
Has a budget for health-related activities 1 = yes, 0 = no 1.01 < 0.01 0.11 0.50 NS −0.47 NS
# Barriers to implement wellness activities, experienced or expectedb −0.13 < 0.01 0.09 −0.09 0.03 −0.07 NS
Networks and Communication (The nature and quality of webs of social networks)
Has partnerships with clinics or outside resources that could assist in wellness efforts 1 = yes, 0 = no 0.83 < 0.01 0.08 −0.36 NS
Method of survey administration 1 = face-to-face, 0 = phone .60 0.04 0.04 −0.18 NS
  1. aLog 10 transformation was used
  2. b1.25 power transformation was used
  3. Domains are in boldface